NCERT Notes Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

NCERT Notes Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources

Chapter 2 Forest and Wildlife Resources NCERT Notes

Chapter Name

Forest and Wildlife Resources Notes


CBSE Class 10

Textbook Name

Contemporary India Class 10

Related Readings

  • Notes for Class 10
  • Notes for Class 10 Geography
  • NCERT Solutions for Forest and Wildlife Resources  


As human beings, we are with all living organisms formed on a complex web of an ecological system. This chapter will be doing on the critical role of how important forest plays in the environmental design and how we can save forest and wildlife in India.

Flora and Fauna in India

India is one of the wealthiest countries, which means that it is a vast biological diverse land. There are various types of forest and wildlife resources that are based in India. These were built in an International Union for the conservation of nature and natural resources.

Now we will see the various types of living plants and animal’s species, which are the following:

1. Typical Species

These species are very everyday needs to live, for example, Cattle, Sal, Pine, Rodents, etc.

2. Endangered Species

These species which is in danger of death. For example, Blackbuck, crocodile, Indian Wild ass, Indian Rhino, Lion-tailed Macaque, Sangai (brow antler deer in Manipur), etc.

3. Vulnerable Species

These species whose population has gone done in less time; hence they are in danger of death—for example, blue sheep, Asiatic elephant, Genetics dolphin, etc.

4. Rare Species

These species whose number is small and in danger of extinction has not been looked after—for example, Brown bear, Wild Asiatic buffalo, desert fox, and a hornbill, etc.

5. Endemic Species

These species found in a few areas are usually kept separate by natural or geographical barriers—for example, Andaman teal, Nicobar Pigeon, Andaman wild pig, etc.

6. Extinct Species

These species have disappeared from local places, lands, countries, planets, or the full world—for example, Asiatic cheetah, pink head duck.

This forest is usually more than 637,293 square kilometers, which is 19.30% of the total area in geography.

Here are some of the negative factors that cause such fearful depletion of the flora and Fauna, which will be the following:

  • More intake of pure resources for getting needs for humans, for example, wood, barks, leaves, rubber, medicines, dyes, food fuel, fodder, manure, etc.
  • The growth of the railways, farming, commercial and scientific forestry, and more mining activities.
  • There will be massive-scale development of projects and mining tasks.
  • Uneven access and not enough stuff for the resources and differential sharing of responsibility for environmental human beings.

Conservation of forest and Wildlife in India

Conservation stuffs the ecological diversity and saves a considerable amount of places and animals. Here are the following:

  • Indian wildlife (protection) act was built in 1972 to save the habitats and the full India list of keeping the animals published.
  • The central government told many projects for saving a few critical animals. In the wildlife act 1980 and 1986, there are many butterflies, moths, beetles, and one dragonfly, which have been kept on the saving list.
  • During 1991, the plants’ stages were added to the list, which has begun with the first six species.

Types of Distribution of Forest and Wildlife Resources

In India, the forest and wildlife resources belong and are owned by the government in which the forest department or the other types of government departments.

Here are a few types of forest:

1. Reserved Forest

  • More than half of the total land has been announced in reserved forests.

2. Protected Forest

  • Forest offices have announced that one-third of the total forest area has been saved.

3. Unclassed forest

  • These woods and wastelands are managed by two governments and separate and communities. The northeastern regions and different parts of Gujarat have a very high amount of their forest as not unclassed forest.

The reserved and safe forest is called a permanent forest, which manages to get timber, and many forests have given; therefore, there are a few reasons to be kept as a secret. The state of Madhya Pradesh has a huge part, which is below a permanent forest.

Community and Conservation

Conservation in the forest and wildlife forest is essential.

Here are some steps which were taken a famous people, here are the following:

  • In the Sariska Tiger Reserve, the Rajasthan, the farmers have gone against the mining by seeing the wildlife safety act.
  • The local villagers in the state of Alwar in Rajasthan have announced that 1 2000 land of the forest has the Bhairodev Dakav “Sonchuri.” Villages came up with an idea of their own rules and regulations which will not allow hunting. They will safeguard the wildlife against any strangers.
  • A popular Chipko movement in the Himalayas is successful try to avoid deforestation in many areas. The move has been answered in the community deforestation.
  • Many farmers and residents in groups are Beej Bachao Andolan in part in Tehri and Navdanya. It has been shown that it is in equal parts of different crop making by using without any strong chemical that is possible and it is available.
  • India has joint the forest management programmed that has furnished an excellent example by getting busy in a local group in the government and saving the damaged forest.
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