NCERT Solutions for Chapter 8 India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Class 6 Geography

There are four seasons in India: Summer, Winter, Autumn, and Monsoon. Summer season in India runs from March to May, day becomes longer than night During this season, it can be extremely hot, humid, and dry. Winter is the coldest of all four seasons, when the days are shorter and the nights are longer. Winter in India usually begins at the end of October and lasts until March. The autumn season follows summer and precedes winter. Autumn comprises September and October month. In the Autumn season deciduous tress shed their leaves. The monsoon enters the Indian subcontinent from the south-west in summer. The Indian Ocean provides moisture to these winds. From June to September, there is a lot of rainfall. Vegetation that grows naturally without the help of humans is called natural vegetation. Air pollution, water pollution, erosion, and climate change are all prevented by them. Many of the world's plants and animals can be found in forests, which also give us essential natural resources, such as timber and food. Animals outside of human domestication are called 'wildlife' or 'fauna'. There are many Species of animals.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6th Geography Chapter 8 India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife

India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife Questions and Answers

Chapter Name

India: Climate, Vegetation and Wildlife NCERT Solutions


CBSE Class 6

Textbook Name


Related Readings

Answer the following questions briefly.

Question 1 A: Which winds bring rainfall in India? Why is it so important?


Due to India's location in the tropical region, most of the rain is brought by the monsoon wind. Agriculture on India is dependent on rains hence, good monsoon is required for beautiful crops.

Additional information- Monsoon is taken from the Arabic word 'mausim' which means seasons.

Question 1 B: Name the different seasons in India.


Broadly, the major seasons recognized in India are:

  • Cold weather season (Winter), December to February.
  • Hot weather season (Summer), March to May.
  • Southwest Monsoon season (Rainy), June to September.
  • Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn), October and November.

Additional information-The climate of a place is affected by its location, altitude, distance from the sea and relief. Therefore, we experience regional differences in the climate of India.

Question 1 C: What is natural vegetation?


We see a variety of plants in or surroundings. There are also small plants called bushes and shrubs. Besides, there are many tall trees. The grasses, shrubs and trees which grow on their own without interference or help from human beings are called natural vegetation.

Additional Information-There are several kinds of trees like Neem, mango that have so many branches and leaves, while trees like palm trees have fewer leaves. Different type of natural vegetation is dependent on different climatic conditions, among which the amount of rainfall is very important.

Question 1 D: Name the different types of vegetation found in India.


Due to varied climatic conditions, India has a wide range of natural vegetation. Vegetation of India can be divided into five types-

1. Tropical evergreen forest, 

2.  Tropical deciduous forests, 

3.  Thorny bushes, 

4.  Mountain vegetation 

5.  Mangrove forests.

Additional Information-Thorny bushes are found in dry areas of the country. A wide range of species is found in the mountains according to their variation in height. Mangrove forests can survive in saline water. They are found mainly in Sunderbans, West Bengal and in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Question 1 E: What is the difference between evergreen forest and deciduous forest?


Evergreen forest

Deciduous forest

Andaman and Nicobar Islands,parts of North – eastern states and narrow strip of the Western Ghats are home of these forests.

In large part of the country we have these types of forests. Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar Chattisgarh, Odisha and in parts of Maharashtra are home to these forests.

These are so dense that sunlight doesn't reach the ground.


These forests are also called monsoon forests.


The trees of these forests shed their leaves at different times of a year that is why they always appear green.


The trees of these forests shed their leaves at a particular time of a year.


Rosewood, mahogany and ebony are main trees found in these forests.



Sal, teak, Peepal, neem and shisham are main trees found in these forests.



Question 1 F: Why is tropical rainforest also called evergreen forest?


The tropical rainforests occur in the areas which receive heavy rainfall. They are so dense that the sunlight doesn't reach the ground. Many species of trees found in these forests, shed their leaves at different times of the year. Therefore, they always appear green and are called evergreen forests.

Additional information- Important trees found in Tropical evergreen forests are mahogany, rosewood and ebony. Andaman and Nicobar Islands, parts of North-eastern states and a narrow strip of the Western Ghats are home of these forests.

Question 2 A: Tick the correct answers.

The world's highest rainfall occurs in

A.  Mumbai

B.  Asansol

C.  Mawsynram


Mawsynram is a town in Meghalaya. Mawsynram receives an annual rainfall 11,873 mm, per year.

Question 2 B: Tick the correct answers.

Mangrove forests can thrive in

A.  saline water

B.  fresh water

C.  polluted water


Mangrove forests are found in Sunderbans in West Bengal and in Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Sundari is a well-known species of trees of Mangrove forests.

Question 2 C: Tick the correct answers.

Mahogany and rosewood trees are found in

A.  mangrove forests

B.  tropical deciduous forests

C.  tropical evergreen forests


tropical evergreen forests

Question 2 D: Tick the correct answers.

Wild goats and snow leopards are found in

A.  Himalayan region

B.  Peninsular region

C.  Gir forests


The tiger is our national animal and is found in many parts of the country. Elephants and one-horned rhinos roam in the forests of Assam. Elephants are found in Kerala and Karnataka. Bears are also found in Himalayan region.

Question 2 E: Tick the correct answers.

During the south west monsoon period, the moisture laden winds blow from

A.  land to sea

B.  sea to land

C.  plateau to plains


The Southwest monsoon period is marked by the onset and advance of monsoon. The winds blow from Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal towards the land.

Question 3: Fill in the blanks.

(a) Hot and dry winds known as______ blow during the day in the summers.

(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of_______.

(c) ______forest in Gujarat is the home of______.

(d) ______is a well-known species of mangrove forests.

(e) ______are also called monsoon forests.


(a) Hot and dry winds known as loo blow during the day in the summers. Loo is a strong dry and dry summer wind from the west which blows over the western Indo-Gangetic Plain.

(b) The states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu receive a great amount of rainfall during the season of retreating monsoons.

Retreat monsoon blows from the northeast across the Bay of Bengal. Good monsoon means adequate rain and a beautiful crop.

(c) Gir forest in Gujarat is the home of Asiatic lions.

The Gir Forest National Park was established in 1965. There are other species of fauna available in Gir Forests.

(d) Sundari is a well-known species of mangrove forests. Mangrove forests play a relevant role in climate change.

(e) Tropic deciduous forest is also called monsoon forests.

In large part of India, Tropic deciduous forests can be found. The trees of these forests shed their leaves during a particular time of the year.

Previous Post Next Post