NCERT Solutions for Chapter 13 A Shelter so High Class 5 EVS 

Short Notes for Class 5 EVS Chapter 13 A Shelter so High

We rely on our arteries for survival. It is possible to travel comfortably and conveniently because of public transportation. The importance of infrastructure in any country cannot be overstated. The highway system facilitates travel from one location to another. Roadways are easy to travel on for automobiles. It is difficult to imagine a world without roads. It is obvious that roads are a crucial component of any type of movement. In addition to transporting goods, roads play an imperative role in the transportation of materials. Roadways are used by billions of people around the world every day. The various modes of transportation they use certainly facilitate this. Definitely, the quality of roads in Ladakh has improved over the years. Houses are built in such a way that they are comfortable in snowy conditions. Ladakhis will store food for winter during the summer season since there will be nothing available. There are Changpas roaming around the mountains. They treasure their sheep and goats.

NCERT Solutions for Class 5th EVS Chapter 13 A Shelter so High

A Shelter so High Questions and Answers

Chapter Name

A Shelter so High NCERT Solutions


CBSE Class 5

Textbook Name


Related Readings

Page No 121:

Question Find Out:

Question 1: Check in your map. Which states would one pass through while traveling from Mumbai to Kashmir?


 One would pass through the states of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana, Punjab and Himachal Pradesh while traveling from Mumbai to Kashmir.

Question 2: Gaurav Jani passed through several states while going from Mumbai to Delhi. Find the capital cities of these states. Was there any other big town on his way?


The states with their capitals which Gaurav Jani passed through while traveling from Mumbai to Delhi are given below.


Capital cities







Question 3: Is Manali a plain or a hilly area? In which state is it?


He might have crossed some big towns such as Surat, Ahmedabad, Jaipur on his way. 

Manali, a hilly area, is in the state of Himachal Pradesh.

Page No 122:

Question Tell:

Question 1: Have you ever stayed in a tent? Where? What was it like?


When I was on vacation in Shimla, I stayed in a tent. For me, it was an exciting experience.

Question 1: Imagine that you were to stay alone in a small tent for two days and could take with you only ten things. Make a list of those ten things.


I would need blankets, clothes, food, repellents, water, a protection guard, a first aid kit, a camera, a torch, woolen clothes, shoes, and a first aid kit if I were to stay alone in the tent for two days.

Question 1: What are the different types of houses that you have seen? Tell your friends about it. Make drawings too.


In my travels, I've seen all kinds of houses, from cave houses to castles to apartments to single-family detached houses to carriages.

Cave houses:

A carriage house:

An apartment:

Page No 123:

Question Write:

Question 1: During winters, Tashi and his family live on the ground floor. Why would they be doing so?


Tashi's house has two floors. During winters, due to snowfall, it gets too cold, which makes the first floor cooler as compared to the ground floor. So, the family moves to the ground floor as it is warm in there. Also, the ground floor does not have any windows to let snow or cold air come in.

Question 2: What is the roof of your house like? What all is the roof used for?


The roof of my house is flat and made of bricks and cement. The roof of my house is utilised for below listed purposes.

(i) Drying chillies

(ii) Drying fruits and vegetables

(iii) Drying pickles

(iv) Enjoying cool breeze and playing games

Disclaimer: This is a sample answer. The answer of the student can vary from this answer.

Page No 124:

Question Find Out:

Question 1: At what height is the place where you live?


My home is 275 meters above sea level and is situated at a height of 275 meters.

Question 2: Why did Gaurav Jani say "This place is so high that it is difficult to breathe normally?"


At high altitudes, the air is usually thinner. According to Gaurav Jani, oxygen levels would have decreased as a result.

Question 3: Have you ever been to a hilly place? Where?


The hilly region of Himachal Pradesh has been on my bucket list for a long time.

Question 4: At what height was it? Did you have any difficulty in breathing there? 


When I reached 1654 meters altitude, breathing became difficult.

Question 5: Which is the highest place you have been to?


I have been to Keylong Pass, the highest point in the world.

Page No 127:

Question Find Out:

Question 1: You read that in Changthang the temperature drops below 0°C. Look at newspapers on the TV to find cities in India or abroad where the temperature drops below 0°C. In which months do you expect to see this?


Leh, Ladak, Kashmir, Manali, and other cities in India experience temperatures below 0°C. There are places abroad with temperatures below zero degrees Celsius, such as Switzerland, Ottawa, Siberia, and Antarctica. December and January are usually the months when this occurs.

Page No 129:

Question Tell:

The houses in different parts of Jammu and Kashmir are made to suit the climate and the needs of the people there.

Question 1: Are there different types of houses in the place where you live? If yes, think about the reasons.


I live in a locality where there are different types of houses. People build their houses based on their budgets - rich people build bungalows, middle-class people own apartments, and poor people build huts.

Question 2: Think of your own house. Is there something special in it - like a sloping roof as it rains a lot, or a courtyard where you can sleep when it is hot or where things are kept in the sun (for drying, etc.)? Make a drawing.


My house has a sloped roof. Rainwater slopes down the roof when it rains heavily. Our house also has a courtyard for drying things.

Question 3: What are the materials used for making your house? Is it mud, brick, stone, wood or cement?


For my house to be built, I will need mud, bricks, cement, wood, stones, and glass.

Page No 130:

Question Discuss and Write:

Question 1: Can you guess the similarities and differences in the life of Bakarwal people and the life of the Changpas?


The lives of the Bakarwal people and the Changpas are similar in the manner that both of them rear their goats at higher altitudes.

The differences between the two are given below.

                     Bakarwal people

                       Changpas people

The people used to move to higher altitudes in summers for grazing their animals.

The people move to higher altitudes in cold climate for grazing their animals.

Their houses are made of stones and mud.

Their houses are tents made of yak’s skin to keep them warm.


Question What we have learnt:

Question 1: Describe how these shelters suit the needs of the people who live there.


People live in shelters that are built according to their needs. During the winter season, stone and wood houses provide good warmth. The boathouse is a type of house on water, providing all the comforts required by its occupants. Changpas build tents at high altitudes to accommodate wandering people.

Question 2: How are these different from the house you live in?


Our houses are built based on our requirements and weather conditions. The construction of a house involves the use of cement, bricks, stones, wood, etc. However, the Changpas or Bakarwal people build tents and wander around. As a result, our houses are different from theirs.


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