NCERT Solutions for Chapter 12 Building, Painting and Books Class 6 History

There is an iron pillar in Delhi that is 7.21 metres high (23 feet 8 inches) and 41 centimetres (16 inches) in diameter, which was built by Chandragupta II. At that time many temples and stupas were made. there were two steps to built them. As a first step, quality stone must be found, quarried, and transported to the location that was carefully chosen for the building. Then these rough blocks of stone have to be shaped and covered with pillars, walls, floors, and ceilings. Buddhist stupas are architectural structures that contain relics. Meditation is practiced in these places. In ancient times, people painted caves with paint made from dirt, charcoal, and spit. Etc. An epic is a large, long composition that recounts the heroic deeds of individuals. There are also stories about gods in them. The Mahabharata and the Ramayana are two examples. Jatakas and Panchatantras contain stories related by ordinary people.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6th History Chapter 12 Building, Painting and Books

Building, Painting and Books Questions and Answers

Chapter Name

Building, Painting and Books NCERT Solutions


CBSE Class 6

Textbook Name


Related Readings


Question 1 Match the following

Column I

Column II


Place where the image of the deity is installed




Circular path around the stupa


Place in temples where people could assemble




Column I

Column II




The word Stupas means mound. These structures are the sacred places of Buddhist monks.



The tower like structure on the top of the temple is called Shikhara.



Place in temple where people could assemble

People assemble in mandapa during any ritual in the temple.



Place where the image of the deity is installed

The garbhagriha are the special places in hindu temples where the idols of gods are installed.



Circular path around the stupa

Pradakhshina- patha are made around the stupa to allow monks to walk around them.


Question  2 Fill in the blanks

 a) _______ was a great astronomer.

 b) Stories about gods and goddesses are found in the__________.

 c) ____________ is recognised as the author of the Sanskrit Ramayana.

 d) __________and ___________ and are two Tamil epics.


(a) Aryabhatta was a great astronomer.

Aryabhatta, an Indian mathematician and astronomer is known for his findings that earth revolved on its axis. He also invented the magic number Zero.

(b) Stories about gods and goddesses are found in the Puranas.

Puranas means old. They contain stories of gods, goddesses, and kings.

(c) Valmiki is recognized as the author of the Sanskrit Ramayana.

Ramayana, a story of Lord Ram was written by Valmiki. It is one of the most popular books of ancient India.

(d) Silappadikaram and Manimekalai are two tamil epics.

Epic means long stories. Silappadikaram is about the love of a wife towards his husband. These epics remained lost for hundreds of years.


Question 3 Make a list of the chapters in which you find mention of metal working. What are the metals objects mentioned or shown in those chapters?



Metal object mentioned

In the earliest cities

Copper tools, gold and silver ornaments

Kingdoms, kings and early republic

Copper and iron for making tools

Vital villages and thriving towns

Iron tools

Building, painting and books

Iron pillar, gold ornaments

What books and burials tell us

Iron tools and weapons

Question 4 Read the story on page 130 (NCERT Book). In what ways is the monkey king similar to or different from the kings you read about in Chapters 6 and 11?


The followings points put forth the similarities and dissimilarities between monkey king and kings from chapter 6 and 11:


1. The monkey king had sympathy for his people.

2. He took care of his people.

3. He saved his people from attacking the army.


1. The monkey king was not concerned about expanding his territory.

2. He didn't think about attacking his neighbours.

3. He didn't think about improving the living conditions of his people.

Question 5 Find out more and tell a story from one of the epics.


The following is excerpts from the famous epic Ramayana written by Valmiki:

Ravana, the king of Lanka disguised as a sage and abducted Sita. Rama who was the husband of Sita was infuriated and wished to bring back Sita by defeating Ravana. Sita was taken to Lanka, which was separated from mainland India by sea. Since, there were no boats at that time, it was very difficult to cross the sea. Lord Rama used his divine powers to enable the stones to float on water. The vanar sena laid down a bridge of floating stones near Rameshwaram which was used to cross the sea.


Question 6 List some steps that can be taken to make buildings and monuments accessible to differently abled people.


Following steps can be taken to make buildings and monuments accessible to differently-abled:

1. Ramps, hand rails, railings and wheel chairs should be provided at buildings.

2. At monuments and historical places, guides should help the differently- abled.

3. Handbooks printed in Braille should be made available.

4. Proper lightings must be arranged.

Question 7 Try and list as many uses of paper as you can.


Paper can be used for following purposes:

1. It is used as a material to write on.

2. Books, newspapers and magazines are printed on paper.

3. It can be used for wrapping objects.

4. It is used to make reusable and eco-friendly carry bags.

Question 8 If you could visit any one of the places described in this chapter, which would you choose and why?


I would choose to visit Mahabalipuram because of following reasons.

1. Most of the temples are still intact.

2. These temples exhibit the skills of people of monolithic era.

3. There are many temples in Mahabalipuram.

4. We must know about our cultural history.

5. It is a fascinating tourist spot.

NOTE: Mahabalipuram is in the state of Tamil Nadu. The temples were built during the reign of Pallava dynasty.

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