Chapter 10 Congruent Triangles RD Sharma Solutions Exercise 10.3 Class 9 Maths
Chapter Name  RD Sharma Chapter 10 Congruent Triangles Exercise 10.3 
Book Name  RD Sharma Mathematics for Class 10 
Other Exercises 

Related Study  NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths 
Exercise 10.3 Solutions
1. In two right triangles one side an acute angle of one are equal to the corresponding side and angle of the other. Prove that the triangles are congruent.
Solution
Given that, in two right triangles one side and acute angle of one are equal to the corresponding side and angles of the other.
We have to prove that the triangles are congruent .
Let us consider two right triangles such that
∠B = ∠C = 90° ...(1)
AB = DE ...(2)
∠C = ∠F ...(3)
Now observe the two triangles ABC and DEF
∠C = ∠F [From (3)]
∠B = ∠E [From (1)]
and AB = DE [From (2)]
So, by AAS congruence criterion, we have Î”ABC ≅ Î”DEF
∠B = ∠E [From (1)]
and AB = DE [From (2)]
So, by AAS congruence criterion, we have Î”ABC ≅ Î”DEF
∴ The two triangles are congruent
Hence, proved
2. If the bisector of the exterior vertical angle of a triangle be parallel to the base. Show that the triangle is isosceles.
Solution
Given that the bisector of the exterior vertical angle of a triangle is parallel to the base and we have to prove that the triangle is isosceles
Let ABC be a triangle such that AD is the angular bisector of exterior vertical angle EAC and ADBC
We have,
∠EAD = ∠DAC [∵ AD is bisector of ∠EAC]
∠EAD = ∠ABC [Corresponding angles]
and ∠DAC = ∠ACB [alternative angle]
and ∠DAC = ∠ACB [alternative angle]
⇒ ∠ABC = ∠ACB
⇒ AB = AC
Since, in Î”ABC, two sides AB and AC are equal we can say that Î”ABC is isosceles
3. In an isosceles triangle, if the vertex angle is twice the sum of the base angles, calculate the angles of the triangle.
Solution
Let Î”ABC be isosceles such that AB = AC.
4. PQR is a triangle in which PQ = PR and S is any point on the side PQ. Through S, a line is drawn parallel to QR and intersecting PR at T. Prove that PS = PT.
Solution
Given that PQR is a triangle such that PQ = PR and S is any point on the side PQ and ST  QR.
We have to prove PS = PT
Since, PQ = PR
Since, PQ = PR
⇒ Î”PQR is isosceles
⇒ ∠Q = ∠R (or) ∠PQR = ∠PRQ
Now,
∠PST = ∠PQR and ∠PTS = ∠PRQ [Corresponding angles as ST  QR]
Since, ∠PQR = ∠PRQ
⇒ ∠PST = ∠PTS
Now,
Now,
In Î”PST,
∠PST = ∠PTS
⇒ Î”PST is an isosceles triangle
⇒ Î”PST is an isosceles triangle
⇒ PS = PT
5. In a Î”ABC, it is given that AB = AC and the bisectors of ∠B and ∠C intersect at O. If M is a point on BO produced, prove that ∠MOC = ∠ABC.
Solution
Given that in Î”ABC,
AB = AC and the bisector ∠B and ∠C intersect at O and M is a point of BO produced,
We have to prove ∠MOC = ∠ABC.
We have to prove ∠MOC = ∠ABC.
Since,
AB = AC
⇒ Î”ABC is isosceles
⇒ ∠B = ∠C (or) ∠ABC = ∠ACB
⇒ Î”ABC is isosceles
⇒ ∠B = ∠C (or) ∠ABC = ∠ACB
Now,
BO and CO are bisectors of ∠ABC and ∠ACB respectively.
⇒ ABO = ∠OBC = ∠ACO = ∠OCB = (1/2) (∠ABC) = (1/2) (∠ACB) ...(1)
We have, in Î”OBC
∠OBC + ∠OCB + ∠BOC = 180° ...(2)
We have, in Î”OBC
∠OBC + ∠OCB + ∠BOC = 180° ...(2)
And also
∠BOC + ∠COM = 180° ...(3) [Straight angle]
Equating (2) and (3)
6. P is a point on the bisector of an angle ∠ABC. If the line through P parallel to AB meets BC at Q, prove that triangle BPQ is isosceles.
Solution
Given that P is a point on the bisector of an angle ∠ABC, and PQ  AB.
We have to prove that Î”BPQ is isosceles
Since,
BP is bisector of ∠ABC
⇒ ∠ABP = ∠PBC ...(1)
Now,
PQ  AB
⇒ ∠BPQ = ∠ABP [alternative angles]
From (1) and (2), we get
∠BPQ = ∠PBC (or) ∠BPQ = ∠PBQ
Now,
In Î”BPQ,
In Î”BPQ,
∠BPQ = ∠PBQ
⇒ Î”BPQ = is an isosceles triangle.
∴ Hence proved
∴ Hence proved
7. Prove that each angle of an equilateral triangle is 60°.
Solution
Given to prove that each angle of an equilateral triangle is 60°.
Let us consider an equilateral triangle ABC
Such that AB = BC = CA
Now,
8. Angles A, B, C of a triangle ABC are equal to each other. Prove that Î”ABC is equilateral.
Solution
Given that angles A, B, C of a triangle ABC equal to each other.
We have to prove that Î”ABC is equilateral
We have, ∠A = ∠B = ∠C
Now,
∠A = ∠B
⇒ BC  AC [Opposite sides to equal angles are equal]
and ∠B = ∠C
⇒ AC = AB
From the above we get
AB = BC = AC
⇒ Î”ABC is equilateral
9. ABC is a triangle in which ∠B = 2∠C. D is a point on BC such that AD bisects ∠BAC and AB = CD. Prove that ∠BAC = 72°.
Solution
Given that in Î”ABC, ∠B = 2∠C and D is a point on BC such that AD bisectors ∠BAC and AB = CD.
We have to prove that ∠BAC = 72°
Now, draw the angular bisector of ∠ABC, which meets AC in P. join PD
Let C = ∠ACB = y
⇒ ∠B = ∠ABC = 2∠C = 2y and also
Let ∠BAD = ∠DAC
⇒ ∠BAC = 2x [∵ AD is the bisector of ∠BAC]
Now, in Î”BPC,
Now, in Î”BPC,
10. ABC is a right angled triangle in which ∠A = 90° and AB = AC. Find ∠B and ∠C.
Solution
Given that ABC is a right angled triangle such that ∠A = 90° and AB = AC
Since,