RS Aggarwal Solutions Chapter 9 Mean, Mode and Median Exercise 9F Class 10 Maths

Chapter Name

RS Aggarwal Chapter 9 Mean, Mode and Median

Book Name

RS Aggarwal Mathematics for Class 10

Other Exercises

  • Exercise 9A
  • Exercise 9B
  • Exercise 9C
  • Exercise 9D
  • Exercise 9E

Related Study

NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths

Exercise 9F Solutions

1. Write the median class of the following distribution:

Class

0 - 10

10 - 20

20 - 30

30 - 40

40 - 50

50 - 60

60 - 70

Frequency

4

4

8

10

12

8

4

Solution

To find median let us put the data in the table given below:

Class

Frequency (fi)

Cumulative frequency (cf)

0 - 10

4

4

10 - 20

4

8

20 - 30

8

16

30 - 40

10

26

40 - 50

12

38

50 - 60

8

46

60 - 70

4

50

Total

N = Σfi = 50

 

Now, N = 50 ⇒ N/2 = 25

The cumulative frequency just greater than 25 is 26, and the corresponding class is 30 – 40.

Thus, the median class is 30 – 40.


2. What is the lower limit of the modal class of the following frequency distribution?

Age (in years)

0 - 10

10 - 20

20 - 30

30 - 40

40 - 50

50 - 60

Number of patients

16

13

6

11

27

18

Solution

Here, the maximum class frequency is 27, and the class corresponding to this frequency is 40 – 50. So, the modal class is 40 – 50.

Now,

Modal class = 40 – 50, lower limit (l) of modal class = 40.

Thus, lower limit (l) of modal class is 40.


3. The monthly pocket money of 50 students of a class are given in the following distribution:

Monthly pocket money (in )

0 - 50

50 - 100

100 - 150

150 - 200

200 - 250

250 - 300

Number of students

2

7

8

30

12

1

Solution

Here the maximum class frequency is 30, and the class corresponding to the frequency is 150 -200. So, the modal class is 150 - 200.

Also, class mark of the modal class is (150 + 200)2 = 175.


4. A data has 25 observations arranged in a descending order. Which observation represents the median?

Solution

If the number of observations is odd, then the median is (n + 1)/2th observation.

Thus, (25 + 1)/2 = 13th observation represents the median.


5. For a certain distribution, mode and median were found to be 1000 and 1250 respectively. Find mean for this distribution using an empirical relation.

Solution

There is an empirical relationship between the three measures of central tendency.

3 median = mode + 2 mean

Mean = (3Median - Mode)/2

= (3(1250) - 1000)/2

= 1375

Thus, the mean is 1375.


6. In a class test, 50 students obtained marks as follows:

Marks obtained

0 - 20

20 - 40

40 - 60

60 - 80

80 - 100

Number of students

4

6

25

10

5

Find the modal class and the median class.

Solution

Here the maximum class frequency is 25, and the class corresponding to this frequency is 40 – 60.

So, the modal class is 40 – 60.

Now, to find the median class let us put the data in the table given below:

Marks Obtained

Number of students (fi)

Cumulative frequency (cf)

0 - 20

4

4

20 - 40

6

10

40 - 60

25

35

60 - 80

10

45

80 – 100

5

50

Total

N = Σfi = 50

 

Now, N = 50 ⇒ N/2 = 25.

The cumulative frequency just greater than 25 is 35, and the corresponding class is 40 – 60. Thus, the median class is 40-60.


7. Find the class marks of classes 10 – 25 and 35-55.

Solution

Class mark = (Upper limit + Lower limit)/2

∴ Class mark of 10 - 25 = (10 + 25)/2

And class mark of 35 - 55 = (35 + 55)/2

= 45


8. While calculating the mean of a given data by the assumed mean method. the following values were obtained.

A = 25, Σfidi = 110, Σfi = 50

Find the mean.

Solution

According to assumed-mean method,

= 25 + 110/50

= 25 + 2.2

= 27.2

Thus, mean is 27.2


9. The distribution X and Y with total number of observations 36 and 64, and mean 4 and 3 respectively are combined. What is the mean of the resulting distribution X + Y?

Solution

According to the question,

4 = X/36 and 3 = Y/64

⇒ X = 4 × 36 and Y = 3 × 64

⇒ X = 144 and Y = 192

Now, X + Y = 144 + 192 = 336

And total number of observations = 36 + 64 = 100

Thus, mean = 336/100 = 3.36.


10. In a frequency distribution table with 12 classes, the class-width is 2.5 and the lowest class boundary is 8.1, then what is the upper class boundary of the highest class?

Solution

Upper class boundary = Lowest class boundary + width × number of classes

= 8.1 + 2.5×12

= 8.1 + 30

= 38.1

Thus, upper class boundary of the highest class is 38.1.


11. Ṭhe observation 29, 32, 48, 50, x + 2, 72, 78, 84, 95 are arranged in ascending order. What is the value of x if the median of the data is 63?

Solution

If number of observations is even, then the median will be the average of (n/2)th and the (n/2 + 1)th observations.

In the given case, n = 10 ⇒ (n/2)th = 5th and (n/2 + 1)th = 6th observation.

Thus, 63 = x + (x + 2)/2

⇒ 126 = 2x + 2

⇒ 124 = 2x

⇒ x = 62

Thus, the value of x is 62.


12. The median of 19 observations is 30. Two more observation are made and the values of these are 8 and 32. Find the median of the 21 observations taken together.

Hint: Since 8 is less than 30 and 32 is more than 30, so the value of median (middle value) remains unchanged.

Solution

Since, 8 is less than 30 and 32 is more than 30, so the middle value remains unchanged

Thus, the median of 21 observations taken together is 30.


13. If the median of x/5, x/4, x/2, x and x/3, where x > 0, is 8, find the value of x.

Hint: Arranging the observations in ascending order, we have x/5, x/4, x/3, x/2, x Median = x/3 = 8.

Solution

Arranging the observations in ascending order, we have

x/5, x/4, x/3, x/2, x

Thus, the median is x/3

⇒ x/3 = 8

⇒ x = 3 × 8

⇒ x = 24

Thus, the value of x is 24.


14. What is the cumulative frequency of the modal class of the following distribution?

Class

3 - 6

6 - 9

9 - 12

12 - 15

15 - 18

18 - 21

21 - 24

Frequency

7

13

10

23

54

21

16

Solution

Here the maximum class frequency is 23, and the class corresponding to this frequency is 12-15.

So, the modal class is 12.15.

Now to find the cumulative frequency let us put the data in the table given below:

Class

Frequency (fi)

Cumulative frequency (cf)

3 - 6

7

7

6 - 9

13

20

9 - 12

10

30

12 - 15

23

53

15 - 18

4

57

18 - 21

21

78

21 - 24

16

94

Total

Σf= 94

 

Thus, the cumulative frequency of the modal class is 53.


15. Find the mode of the given data:

Class interval

0 - 20

20 - 40

40 - 60

60 - 80

Frequency

15

6

18

10

Solution

Here the maximum class frequency is 18, and the class corresponding to this frequency is 40 – 60.

So, the modal class is 40 – 60.

Now,

Modal class = 40 – 60, lower limit (l) of modal class = 40, class size (h) = 20,

Frequency (f1) of the modal class = 18,

Frequency (f0) of class preceding the modal class = 6,

Frequency (f2) of class preceding the modal class = 10.

Now, let us substitute these values in the formula:

Mode = l + (f1 – f0)/(2f1 – f0 – f2) × h

= 40 + (18 – 6)/(36 – 6 – 10) × 20

= 40 + (12/20) × 20

= 40 + 12

= 52.

Hence, the mode is 52.


16. The following are the gas of 300 patients getting medical treatment in a hospital on a particular day: 

Age (in years)

10 - 20

20 - 30

30 - 40

40 - 50

50 - 60

60 - 70

Number of patients

6

42

55

70

53

20

Form a 'less than type' cumulative frequency distribution. 

Solution 

A ‘less than type’ cumulative frequency distribution table is given below:

Age (in years)

Cumulative frequency (cf)

Less than 20

60

 

Less than 30

102

 

Less than 40

157

 

Less than 50

227

 

Less than 60

280

 

Less than 70

300

 


17. In the following data, find the values of p and q, Also, find the median class and modal class.

Class

Frequency (f)

Cumulative frequency (cf)

100 - 200

11

11

200 – 300

12

P

300 - 400

10

33

400 - 500

Q

46

500 – 600

20

66

600 - 700

14

80

Solution

Here, p = 11 + 12 = 23

And 33 + q = 46

⇒ q = 46 – 33

= 13

Thus, p is 23 and q is 13.

Now,

Here the maximum class frequency is 20, and the class corresponding to this frequency is 500 – 600.

Also, Σf = N = 80

⇒ N/2 = 40.

The cumulative frequency just greater than 40 is 46, and the corresponding class is 400 – 500.

So, the modal class is 500 – 600.

Also, Σf = N = 80

⇒ N/2 = 40.

The cumulative frequency just greater than 40 is 46, and the corresponding class is 400 – 500.

Thus, the median class is 400 – 500.


18. The following frequency distribution gives the monthly consumption of electricity of 64 consumers of locality.

Monthly consumption (in units)

65 - 85

85 - 105

105 - 125

125 - 145

145 - 165

165 - 185

Number of consumers

4

5

13

20

14

8

Form a ‘more than type’ cumulative frequency distribution.

Solution

The cumulative frequency distribution table of more than type is as follows: 

Monthly consumption (in units) (lower class limits)

Cumulative frequency (cf)

More than 65

60 + 4 = 64

More than 85

55 + 5 = 60

More than 105

42 + 13 = 55

More than 125

22 + 20 = 42

More than 145

8 + 14 = 22

More than 165

8

 

19. The following table gives the life-time (in days) of 100 electric bulbs of a certain brand. 

Life-time (in days)

Less than 50

Less than 100

Less than 150

Less than 200

Less than 250

Less than 300

Number of Bulbs

7

21

52

79

91

100

 Solution 

The frequency distribution is as follows:

Life-time (in days)

Frequency (f)

0 - 50

7

50 - 100

14

100 - 150

31

150 - 200

27

200 - 250

12

250 - 300

9


20. The following table, construct the frequency distribution of the percentage of marks obtained by 2300 students in a competitive examination.

Marks obtained (in percent)

11 - 20

21 - 30

31 - 40

41 - 50

51 - 60

61 - 70

71 - 80

Number of students

141

221

439

529

495

322

153

(a) Convert the given frequency distribution into the continuous form.

(b) Find the median class and write its class mark.

(c) Find the modal class and write its cumulative frequency.

Solution

(a) The frequency distribution into the continuous form is as follows:

Marks obtained (in percent)

Number of students (f)

10.5 – 20.5

141

20.5 – 30.5

221

30.5 – 40.5

439

40.5 – 50.5

529

50.5 – 60.5

495

60.55 – 70.5

322

70.5 – 80.5

153

(b) Now, to find the median class let us’ put the data in the table given below:

Marks obtained (in percent)

Number of students (f)

Cumulative frequency (cf)

10.5 – 270.5

141

141

20.5 – 30.5

221

362

30.5 – 40.5

439

801

40.5 – 50.5

529

1330

50.5 – 60.5

495

1825

60.5 – 70.5

322

2147

70.5 – 80.5

153

2300

Now, N = 2300

⇒ N/2 = 1150

The cumulative frequency just greater than 1150 is 1330, and the corresponding class is 40.5 – 50.5.

Thus, the median class is 40.5 – 50.5.

Now, class mark = (Upper class limit + lower class limit)/2

= (40.5 + 50.5)/2 = 91/2

 = 45.5

Thus, class mark of the median class is 45.5.

(c) Here the maximum class frequency is 529, and the class corresponding to \1this frequency is 40.5 – 50.5.

So, the modal class is 40.5 – 50.5 and its cum4ulative frequency is 1330.


21. If the mean of the following distribution is 27, find the value of p.

Class

0 - 10

10 - 20

20 - 30

30 - 40

40 - 50

Frequency

8

P

12

13

10

Solution

The given data is shown as follows:

Class

Frequency (f)

Class mark (xi)

fixi

0 - 10

8

5

40

10 - 20

P

15

15p

20 - 30

12

25

300

30 - 40

13

35

455

40 - 50

10

45

450

Total

Σfi = 43 + p

 

Σfixi = 1245 + 15p

The mean of given data is given by




⇒ 27 = (1245 + 15p)/(43 + p)

⇒ 1161 + 27p = 1245 + 15p

⇒ 27p – 15p = 1245 – 1161

⇒ 12p = 84

⇒ p = 7

Thus, the value 4 of p is 7.


22. Calculate the missing frequency form the following distribution, it being median of the distribution is 24.

Age (in years)

0 - 10

10 - 20

20 - 30

30 - 40

40 - 50

Number of persons

5

25

?

18

7

Solution

Let the missing frequency be x.

To find the median let us put data in the table given below:

Age (in years)

Number of persons (f)

Cumulative frequency (cf)

0 - 10

5

5

10 - 20

25

30

20 - 30

X

30 + x

30 – 40

18

48 + x

40 - 50

7

55 + x

The given median is 24,

∴ The median class is 20 – 30.

∴ l = 20, h = 10, N = 55 + x, f = x and cf = 30

Median = l + ((N/2 - cf)/f) × h

⇒ 24 = 20 + ((55 + x)/2 – 30)/x} × 10

⇒ 24 – 20 = (55 + x – 60)/2x × 10

⇒ 4 = (x – 5)/2x × 10

⇒ 8x = 10x – 50

⇒ 2x = 50

⇒ x = 25

Thus, the missing frequency is 25.

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