Frank Solutions for Chapter 14 Health Organisations Class 10 Biology ICSE


1. Name the following:
(i) Diseases caused by pathogens.
(ii) Diseases occurring due to degeneration of the tissue.
(iii) Diseases caused due to hypersensitivity.
(iv) Diseases occurring due to malnutrition.
(v) Promotes medical education and training.
(i) Diphtheria, tetanus, malaria, typhoid, rabies etc are diseases caused by pathogens.
(ii) Heart disease, Osteoporosis (bones), Parkinson’s disease (CNS) etc are examples of degenerative diseases.
(iii) Asthma, hay fever, skin allergies are diseases caused by hypersensitivity.
(iv) Kwashiorkor, Marasmus, Beriberi are diseases caused due to malnutrition.
(v) WHO, the World Health Organization, promotes medical education and training.

2. Write the short notes on:
(i) WHO
(ii) Red cross
(iii) Functions of WHO
(iv) Quarantine regulations
(v) Radiation hazards
(i) WHO: It stands for World Health Organizations. This organization was formed in 1948. It’s headquarter is at Geneva in Switzerland. WHO has more than 135 member states, each of which contributes to its annual budget according to the proportion it can pay. It controls the international projects to eliminate diseases. The form of assistance given by WHO includes providing information regarding epidemic warnings, fighting major diseases, taking care of maternal and child health, improving sanitation and water supplies etc.

(ii) Red Cross: It is an international body founded in 1864 to provide medical aid during emergency conditions such as war. The emblem of Red Cross is a red coloured cross painted on a white background. It provides medical help to the victims of war and natural calamities in the form of blood and first-aid. Red Cross also organizes workshops to educate people on prevention of accidents.

(iii) The functions of WHO are:
  1. It promotes medical education and training to all the countries.
  2. It collects information and supplies information about the health, epidemic and endemic diseases all over the world.
  3. It encourages research and development of international pharmaceutical products.
  4. It suggests quarantine measures to prevent epidemics like plague, cholera etc.
  5. WHO also finance international research programmes on health like eradication of malaria, smallpox etc.

(iv) Quarantine regulations: Quarantine is the limitation on the freedom of movement of an individual or any material so as to prevent spread of contagious diseases.
The suspected person or material is detained at the port of entry to prevent disease from entering a country. These quarantine regulations are laid down by WHO and they also decide the validity period of vaccination certificates.

(v) Radiation hazards: X-rays and radiations from atomic energy are harmful to all living organisms as they can cause burns, cancer or even death. To prevent this, WHO keeps all countries informed and up-to-date about radiation hazards and gives particular attention to the training of workers who can deal with these hazards.

3. What does WHO stand for?
WHO stands for: World Health Organization.

4. Mention any two of the WHO.
The two functions of the WHO are:
  1. To provide information on diseases of epidemic nature.
  2. To provide quarantine measures for prevention of spread of diseases.

5. Mention any two activities of the Red Cross.
The two activities of Red Cross are:
  1. To provide medical aid and relief to the victims of natural calamities.
  2. To provide blood to the victims of war.

6. Complete the following:

(i) Asthma is ______ disease. (hypersensitivity, contaminated, communicable)
(ii) Penicillin is an ______. (antibiotic, anti analgesic, antipyretic)

(iii) Kwashiorkor is a ______ disease.(deficiency, communicable, non-communicable) 


(i) hypersensitivity
(ii) antibiotic
(iii) deficiency

7. Name two non-communicable diseases.
Diabetes and Beriberi are two non- communicable diseases.

8. Name two international health organizations.
The two International health organizations are: WHO (World Health Organization) and Red Cross.

9. State reasons for the formation of WHO.
Following are the reasons for the formation of WHO:
World health Organization is a health organization which works at international level to remove sufferings, promote proper growth and development of children. It was formed with the purpose of coordinating and directing international health work.

10. In which year was WHO established?
WHO was established in 1948.

11. Where are the headquarters of WHO located?
The headquarters of WHO are located at Geneva in Switzerland.

12. What is the full form of UNO?
The full form of UNO is United Nations Organization.

13. List three common diseases prevalent in India.
The three common diseases prevalent in India are Tuberculosis, Malaria and Dengue.

14. Name any two common water-borne diseases.
The two common water-borne diseases are Jaundice and Cholera.

15. Name any two common air-borne diseases.
The two common air-borne diseases are Common cold and Whooping cough.

16. Name any two common venereal diseases.
The two common venereal diseases are AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) and Syphilis.

17. Choose the correct answer:

(i) World Health Day (WHO) was formed in
(a) 1940
(b) 1948
(c) 1973
(d) 1975
(b) 1948

(ii) World Health Day is celebrated on
(a) August 29
(b) January 30
(c) April 7
(d) May 8
(c) April 7

(iii) The global strategy for "health for all" was adopted by WHO in
(a) 1980
(b) 1975
(c) 1981
(d) 1983
(c) 1981

(iv) To prevent, control and treat cholera disease, our government has introduced which programme
(a) NFCP
(b) NCCP
(c) NLCP
(d) NMEP
(b) NCCP

(v) WHO has a headquarter at
(a) Moscow
(b) Washington
(c) New York
(d) Geneva
(d) Geneva

(vi) Red Cross was formally founded in
(a) 1870
(b) 1864
(c) 1859
(d) 1862
(b) 1864

(vii) The major agencies of the United Nations Organization (UNO) are
(b) UNDP
(c) WHO
(d) all the above
(d) all the above

(viii) Air-borne disease is
(a) diarrhoea
(b) tuberculosis
(c) dengue fever
(d) none of these
(b) tuberculosis

(ix) Water-borne disease is
(a) typhoid
(b) malaria
(c) influenza
(d) pneumonia
(a) typhoid

(x) Vector-borne disease(s) is/are
(a) malaria
(b) cholera
(c) yellow fever
(d) (a) and (c)
(d) (a) and (c)

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