NCERT Notes Class 10 Social Science Civics Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy

NCERT Notes Class 10 Social Science Political Science Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy

Chapter 7 Outcomes of Democracy NCERT Notes

Chapter Name

Outcomes of Democracy Notes


CBSE Class 10

Textbook Name

Democratic Politics- II Class 10

Related Readings

  • Notes for Class 10
  • Notes for Class 10 Political Science
  • NCERT Solutions for Outcomes of Democracy 


In this Chapter, we would discuss the Outcomes of Democracy. The Expected and Actual Outcomes of Democracy in various respects such as:

  • quality of government,
  • economic well-being,
  • inequality,
  • social differences and conflict and
  • freedom and dignity.

Important topics under the Outcomes of Democracy

  • Democracy is a better form of government than dictatorship, monarchy, or any other form of government. The reasons behind it are:
  • Promotes equality in public: Democracy is a form of government that promotes equality in public. Every citizen has equal rights and weightage and freedom to live and act.
  • Dignity enhancement in individuals: Democracy is a form of government that provides equal Dignity to all country citizens, whether they are poor or rich.
  • Improvement in the quality of Decision Making: Democracy is a form of government where a decision is passed through various procedures and reviewed with different opinions, which results in improved decision making.
  • Provides a way to resolve conflicts: Democracy is a form of government where every citizen has an equal right to speak and opinion. This provides a way to resolve conflicts.
  • Provides a way to Rectify or Correct Mistakes: Democracy is a kind of government where it provides a way to correct mistakes through fair and transparent communication, feedback, etc.

Dilemma of Democracy

  • Democracy is seen as good but felt to be not so good in practical aspects.
  • Most people blame democracy. Their fascination is that democracy can address and solve all Socio-economic and Political Problems. They start blaming Democracy. Democracy is a form of government that can create favorable conditions for citizens to achieve something. But, citizens would have to step forward to achieve their goals by using such conditions’ advantages. This is the way people Access Democracy’s Outcomes.

Basic Outcome of Democracy

  • It produces a government that is:
  • Accountable to the citizens
  • Responsive to the needs & expectations of the citizens.

People will have the right to choose their rulers and have control over rulers. Citizens can also participate in decision making whenever need or necessity arises.

Efficiency and effectiveness of Democracy

  • Democracy is based on the idea of Deliberation and Negotiation, unlike non-democratic rulers who do not bother about deliberation or public opinion. So something this might lead to some delays.
  • This delay is worthwhile as it leads to maximum chances of acceptance by the people as every decision is deliberately(with norms & procedures) taken with public opinions. So, it’s


  • It’s a right to examine the process of decision making.
  • A democratic form of government also provides the following practices and institutions:
  • regular, free, and fair elections;
  • open public debate on major policies and legislation;
  • citizens’ right to information about the government and its functioning, etc.
  • In conclusion, one can say that Democracy is overall comparatively good & better with a non-democratic form of government.

Record of Democracies is not good at the following points:

  • Not Attentive to the needs and demands of the people.
  • Not Free of Corruption.

Often, it is seen that Democracy is ignoring the demands of people. As per the Recorded outline tales of corruption, it can’t be said that Democracy is not free of this evil. But, it can’t be said that non-democracies are less Corrupt or more sensitive to the people.

Democratic Government is Legitimate Government: The Democratic government may be slow, less efficient, not responsive, always or clean, but people’s own government. A Government by the People. That’s the reason behind the overwhelming support for the idea of Democracy across the world.

Are Democracies leads to economic growth and development?

It is greatly expected that a good Democratic Government will lead to great economic growth and development in a country. But, as per the past pieces of evidence, it’s not as per the expectations.

  • While comparing Democracy with Dictatorship from 1950-2000, it has been derived that dictatorship has given a higher economic growth rate.
  • We can’t reject the Democratic Form of Government as economic growth and development depend upon several factors such as:
  • country’s population & size,
  • global situation,
  • cooperation from other countries,
  • economic priorities adopted by the country, etc.

Reduction of Inequality and Poverty

  • Democracies are based on Political equality. Every citizen has an equal right to elect their representatives. Generally, it is seen that ultra-rich people enjoy a highly disproportionate share of wealth and income. And on the other side, Poorshave struggles even to meet their necessities of life, such as food, clothing, shelter, etc. In Actual Life, Democracies are not successful in reducing economic inequalities.
  • The poor constitute a majority of voters, and no party would like to lose its vote bank. Generally, Political Parties address their problems at a superficial level (at the times of elections) only. After Winning Elections, they don’t address situations seriously. For Example, Bangladesh is a country where half of the population survives in poverty, but nothing satisfactory has been done yet, but the government to get them out of it.


Accommodation of Social Diversity

  • It’s fairly expected that Democracy would lead to a harmonious social life. Managing social differences, conflicts, and divisions is always a plus point in the Democratic Regimes. Usually, Democracy creates a variety of options among citizens to choose their representatives. That’s why it is also a wide range of competition, which leads to the minimum possibilities of becoming explosive & violent. For Example, Belgium’s Democratic government has successfully negotiated differences amongst ethnic populations.

Democracy Must Fulfill Two Conditions

  • Democracy is a rule by majority opinion but has to coordinate with the minority opinion.
  • Democracy is a rule by the majority but should not influence religion, race, or linguistics.

Dignity and Freedom of Citizens

  • Democracy is known for promoting the dignity and freedom of the citizens. Every citizen wants to get treated with due respect. Sometimes conflicts arise when they are not treated with it.

The principle of Individual Freedom and Dignity is the basic principle of Democracy. Every citizen has a Democratic right to live life with Dignity, equal status, and equal opportunity.

Expectations from Democracy also functions as the Criteria for judging any Democratic Country

  • The reason behind this statement is that Democracy is a form of government which is ‘Of the People, For the People and By the people.’ It’s Examination never ends. As it clears one examination, the Next one is waiting to be cleared. As people get any benefit, they come up with more expectations, complaints and start demanding more benefits. This also creates awareness on the part of citizens. Eventually, This makes the functionality of Democracy more Better day by day.

Expression of Public Dissatisfaction decides the Success rate of Democracy. The Single Vote makes a Huge Difference and influences the way the government is run.

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