NCERT Notes for Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 Coordinate Geometry
Class 9 Maths Chapter 6 Coordinate Geometry Notes
Chapter Name  Coordinate Geometry Notes 
Class  CBSE Class 9 
Textbook Name  NCERT Mathematics Class 9 
Related Readings 

Cartesian System
If we take two number lines, one horizontal and one vertical, and then combine them in such a way that they intersect each other at their zeroes, and then they form a Cartesian Plane.
 The horizontal line is known as the xaxis and the vertical line is known as the yaxis.
 The point where these two lines intersects each other is called the origin. It is represented as ‘O’.
 OX and OY are the positive directions as the positive numbers lie in the right and upward direction.
 Similarly, the left and the downward directions are the negative directions as all the negative numbers lie there.
Quadrants of the Cartesian Plane
The Cartesian plane is dividing into four quadrants named as Quadrant I, II, III, and IV anticlockwise from OX.
Coordinates of a Point
To write the coordinates of a point we need to follow these rules
 The x  coordinate of a point is marked by drawing perpendicular from the yaxis measured a length of the xaxis .It is also called the Abscissa.
 The y  coordinate of a point is marked by drawing a perpendicular from the xaxis measured a length of the yaxis .It is also called the Ordinate.
 While writing the coordinates of a point in the coordinate plane, the x  coordinate comes first, and then the y  coordinate. We write the coordinates in brackets.
In the above figure, OB = CA = x coordinate (Abscissa), and CO = AB = y coordinate (Ordinate).
We write the coordinate as (x, y).
Remark: As the origin O has zero distance from the xaxis and the yaxis so its abscissa and ordinate are zero. Hence the coordinate of the origin is (0, 0).
The relationship between the signs of the coordinates of a point and the quadrant of a point in which it lies.
Quadrant 
Coordinate 
Sign in the quadrant 
I 
(+, +) 
1st quadrant is enclosed by the positive xaxis and the positive yaxis. 
II 
(, +) 
2nd quadrant is enclosed by the negative xaxis and the positive yaxis. 
III 
(, ) 
3rd quadrant is enclosed by the negative xaxis and the negative yaxis. 
IV 
(+, ) 
4th quadrant is enclosed by the positive xaxis and the negative yaxis 
Plotting a Point in the Plane if its Coordinates are Given
 First of all, we need to draw the Cartesian plane by drawing the coordinate axes with 1 unit = 1 cm.
 To mark the x coordinates, starting from 0 moves towards the positive xaxis and count to 2.
 To mark the y coordinate, starting from 2 moves upwards in the positive direction and count to 3.
 Now this point is the coordinate (2, 3)
Likewise, we can plot all the other points, like (3, 1) and (1.5,2.5) in the right site figure.
Is the coordinates (x, y) = (y, x)?
Let x = (4) and y = (2)
So (x, y) = ( 4, – 2)
(y, x) = ( 2,  4)
Let’s mark these coordinates on the Cartesian plane.
You can see that the positions of both the points are different in the Cartesian plane. So,
If x ≠ y, then (x, y) ≠ (y, x), and (x, y) = (y, x), if x = y.
Example: Plot the points (6, 4), ( 6, 4), ( 6, 4) and (6, 4) on the Cartesian plane.
Solution
As you can see in (6, 4) both the numbers are positive so it will come in the first quadrant.
For x coordinate, we will move towards the right and count to 6.
Then from that point go upward and count to 4.
Mark that point as the coordinate (6, 4).