# NCERT Solutions for Chapter 7 Experiments with Water Class 5 EVS

Short Notes for Class 5 EVS Chapter 7 Experiments with Water

The concept development of students is crucial in this chapter. In this chapter, they learn basic physics and chemistry concepts. Floating things float in liquids, and sinking things sink. Famous water bodies will also be discussed. Experiments with water explain the context of this chapter. It helps students identify objects that float and sink in water, as well as objects that are soluble and insoluble. In this chapter, we learn about the differences and similarities between water, oil, milk, and cold drinks. This chapter covers evaporation as well.

Experiments with Water Questions and Answers

 Chapter Name Experiments with Water NCERT Solutions Class CBSE Class 5 Textbook Name EVS Related Readings NCERT Solutions for Class 5NCERT Solutions for Class 5 EVSSummary of Experiments with Water

Page No 60:

Question Think What Would Hap:

Question 1: Ayesha put a puffed puri in a bowl of water. Would it sink or float?

Puffed puri in a bowl of water would float as it is lighter than water. However, after sometime it would start to sink due to absorption of water by the dough of puri.

Question 2: You put a steel plate on water. Would it sink or float? What would happen to a spoon?

A steel plate would float on water as it is lighter than water. On the other hand, a spoon which is heavier than water would sink. The size of a body does not decide whether it floats or sinks. It is the mass and volume of the body that collectively decide whether it floats or sinks.

Question 3: Would the cap of a plastic bottle sink or float on water?

The cap of a plastic bottle would float on water as it is lighter than water.

Page No 61:

Question Do This and Find Out:

Do this experiment in groups of four friends? Each group will need a big pot filled with water and the things listed in the table. Put each thing one- by-one in water and observe.

Mark [✔] for the things that float. Mark [✖] for those that sink.

 Things to be put in water I guessed, before I            did it I saw , when I         did it (a) Empty bowl ( katori) (b) After putting in 6-7 small pebbles, one-by-one Iron nail or pin Matchstick (a) Empty plastic bottle with its lid closed (b) Bottle half-filled with water (c) Bottle full of water Aluminium foil ( from medicine packing) (a) Open and spread out (b) Pressed tightly into a ball (c) In a cup-like shape (a) Soap cake (b) Soap cake on a small plastic plate A piece of ice

Find out from the other groups which things floated and which sank in the water?

After doing the experiment, fill in the blanks.

1. The iron nail ______ in water but the katori ______. I think this happened because

_______________________________

_______________________________

2. The empty plastic bottle ______ on water. The bottle filled with

Water ______ because

_______________________________

_______________________________

3. The aluminium foil ______ when it was spread out. When pressed

tightly into a ball it ______. This may have happened because

________________________________

________________________________

1. The iron nail sank in water but the katori floated. I think this happened because

(i) the weight of water displaced by the iron nail is less than its own weight

(ii) the weight of water displaced by the katori is equal to its own weight.

2. The empty plastic bottle floats on water. The bottle filled with water sinks because

(i) the weight of water displaced by the empty plastic bottle is equal to its own weight.

(ii) the weight of water displaced by the bottle filled with water is less than its own weight

3. The aluminium foil floated when it was spread out. When pressed tightly into a ball it sank. This may have happened because

(i) the weight of water displaced by the aluminium foil is equal to its own weight.

(ii) the weight of water displaced by the aluminium ball is less than its own weight

Page No 63:

Question Is It Magic?

Question 1: Take some water in a glass. Put a lemon in it. Now keep putting salt in the water, half-a-spoon at a time. Were you able to float your lemon in water?

Yes, the lemon would float in water containing excess salt. This is due to the fact that water gets heavier when salt has been added in excess amount. And lemon (lighter in weight) will be able to float on heavier water.

Question 2: What do you think, the lemon floated in salty water, because...?

When salt is added to water, the water gets heavy. As compared to a lemon, the salty water is heavier. So, the lemon that is lighter floats on salt water that is heavier.

Page No 64:

Question Do This Experiment:

Make groups of four friends. For the experiment you will need 4-5 glasses or bowls, spoons, water, and the things listed in the table. Take some water in each glass. Now try to dissolve one thing in one glass. Observe what happens and note in the table.

 Things Did it dissolve       or not? What happened after keeping                for 2 minutes? 1. Salt 2. 2. Soil 3. 3. Chalk powder 4. 4. I spoon milk 5. 5. Oil 6.

Disclaimer: The purpose of this question is to introduce the children to the method of general science activities. This involves certain prior imagination followed by experimentation and logical deductions. Keeping this process of imagination and experimentation in mind, the answer to this question has not been provided.

Question Tell:

Question 1: Could you see the salt after it dissolved in water? If no, why?

No, we could not see the salt after it dissolved in water.

This is because as soon as salt is added into water it starts breaking down into smaller particles that are difficult to be seen by naked eyes. These salt particles get inside the water. At this stage, the salt starts dissolving in the water and a stage comes when the entire salt gets dissolved. Thus, no more salt could be seen.

Question 2: Does that mean that now the water does not have salt? If it has, then

where is the salt?

No, that does not mean that water does not have salt.

The salt got broken into smaller particles that occupy the position in between the particles of water.

Question 3: What difference did you see - in the water with salt, and the water with chalk powder - after keeping for some time?

After keeping for some time, the water with salt looks clear. However, the water with chalk powder does not. Some of the chalk powder gets settled while some of it remains scattered throughout the water.

Question 4: Which of the two would you be able to separate from the water by straining with a cloth - salt or chalk powder?

Out of the two substances, we would be able to separate chalk powder from water by straining with a cloth. This is because salt particles cannot be seen in water whereas chalk powder can be.

Question 5: Do you think the oil got dissolved in the water? Why do you think so?

Oil will not get dissolved in water Its just floats on the water.

Question 6: You also try to do the same and then tell - which drop went ahead? Why did it slide faster?

Water slides faster than oil drops or sugar solution since both are thicker than water and get stuck to the box, making it difficult to slide.

Page No 65:

Question Where Did the Water:

One day Ayesha's mother put some water to boil on the stove for making tea. She got busy with something and forgot about it. When she remembered and came back to check, she found only a few drops of water left in the pan.

Question 1:  Think where did the water go?

The water from the pan got evaporated and converted to vapour

.

Question 2: Why did Chittibabu and Chinnababu keep their mango jelly under the sun?

Chittibabu and Chinnababu kept their mango jelly under the sun in order to dry it.

Question 3: At your house, what things are made by drying in the sun?

Disclaimer: This question aims to make the students familiar with the things they come across in their daily lives. Keeping this process in mind, the answer to this question has not been provided.

Page No 66:

Question What We Have Learnt:

Question 1: You have washed your handkerchief and you want to dry it quickly. What all can you do?

The handkerchief can be dried in the sun or under the fan to dry it quickly.

Question 2: What things do you put in water to make tea? Which of those things dissolves in water?

The ingredients used to make tea are water, tea leaves, milk and sugar. Among these, milk and sugar dissolve in water.

Question 3: You have been given some mishri pieces (lumps of sugar). Suggest some ways to dissolve them quickly.