NCERT Solutions for Chapter 9 Earth, Sun and Moon Class 5 Science 

Short Notes for Class 5 Science Chapter 9 Earth, Sun and Moon

Earth revolves around the moon. The sun revolves around the earth. They intersect at this point. A lunar eclipse occurs when Earth comes between the Sun and the Moon, preventing sunlight from falling on the Moon. Eclipses of the moon occur on two different types of occasions: total eclipses and partial eclipses. In a partial lunar eclipse, only a portion of Earth's shadow covers the Moon.

NCERT Solutions for Class 5th Science Chapter 9 Earth, Sun and Moon

Earth, Sun and Moon Questions and Answers

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Earth, Sun and Moon NCERT Solutions


CBSE Class 5

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Question 1: What is a solar system?

Answer: The sun and the celestial bodies that revolve around it form the solar system.

Question 2: Apart from plants, name the other celestial bodies that are in the solar system.

Answer: Apart from plants, name the other celestial bodies that are in the solar system are:

  1. Comets
  2. Asteroids
  3. Satellites

Question 3: Name the planets of the solar system in order of increasing distance from the sun.

Answer: The planets of the solar system in order of increasing distance from the sun are:

  1. Mercury
  2. Venus
  3. Earth
  4. Mars Jupiter
  5. Saturn
  6. Uranus
  7. Neptune

Question 4: What does the sun mainly consist of?

Answer: The sun mainly consist of hot gases like hydrogen and helium.

Question 5: What is an eclipse? Name the two types of eclipse.

Answer: Eclipse means to be hidden. The sun, the moon and the earth are in a straight line most of time, but at the comes between the moon and at other times the moon comes between the sun and the earth at such times, the one in the middle casts a shadow which partially hides or wholly hides the other from the sun. The two types of eclipses are:

  1. Lunar eclipse
  2. Solar eclipse

Question 6: How is the earth different from all the other planets in the solar system?

Answer: Earth is different from all the other planets in the solar system because it is only the planet that has life. The following features make life possible on earth.

      1.Presence of air, water and soil.
      2.Presence of atmosphere around the planet.
      3.Presence of important gases like oxygen, carbon dioxide and nitrogen in the air.
      4.The different layers of atmosphere perform special functions for eg stratosphere has ozone layer             which protect us from ultravoilet rays (UV rays).
      5.The surface of the earth has various features like oceans, rivers, mountains and valleys.

Question 7: Describe the surface of the moon.

Answer: Surface of moon:

The surface of the moon is covered with craters, mountains, valleys.

Formation of craters:

  1. Craters were formed on the surface of the moon billions of years ago. They are formed when solid bodies called meteorits are crashed into moon's surface.
  2. The oldest craters were formed billions of years ago. Lava that floats from these craters covered the earlier craters and made them smooth and dark.
  3. The surface of the moon have not changed since then because there is no water and air on the moon to cause weathering.

Question 8: Write a short note on the sun.


The sun:

  1. The sun is a star that is closest to the earth.
  2. It is a dwarf star because usually other stars are much larger than the sun.
  3. It is about 1.5 million kilometres away from the earth.
  4. It is a huge ball of hot burning gases with a temperature of 15 billion degree C at the centre and 6000 degree C at the surface.
  5. The surface of the sun has thin layer of atmosphere called Corona.
  6. At the centre of the sun which is also known as core, hydrogen changes into helium and this reaction produces large amount of heat and light which is called as solar energy. this energy is inexhaustible.
  7. The sun has a diameter of about 1392000 km. It is so big that millions of earth can fit into it.

Question 9: Write a short note on the 'landing on the moon'.

Answer: Landing on the moon:

      1.Man has been successful in landing on the moon.
      2.There are 2 types of space mission
      3.Manned - In this type of space mission a space craft with crew.
      4.Unmanned - In this type of space mission a space craft is sent without crew to being back                       information through photographs and other ways.
      5.The first men to land on the moon were the crew of the American space mission, Apollo II. It was           launched from the Kennedy space center at Florida, on July 16, 1969. The rocket that carried it               into the space was Saturn 5. Edurin Aldrin, and Michaek Collins.
      6.Armstrong was the first to step out, and thus became the first man to set foot o the moon on July             20, 1969. He and Aldrin stayed for two and a half hours on the moon and collected rock samples             to bring back to the earth. These rocks have given scientists a lot of information about the moon.
      7.After Apollo II, many more missions have gone to the moon and elsewhere in space.

Question 10: Describe the lunar eclipse.

Answer: Lunar eclipse:

  1. When the earth comes between the sun and the moon it blocks the sunlight from reaching the moon and creates a shadow. This is called a lunar eclipse.

  2. The earth's shadow has two parts:
    (1) Umbra - Where the earth totally blocks the sunlight.
    (ii) Penumbra - Where the earth blocks a part of the sunlight.
  1. Lunar eclipse is either partial or total. During a partial lunar eclipse, a part of moon can be seen and during a total lunar eclipse the moon cannot be seen at all.

Question 11: How does the solar eclipse happen?

Answer: Solar eclipse

  1. When the moon comes between the earth and the sun, it bends some part of the sun. This is called a solar eclipse.

  2. The moon's shadow has 2 parts:-
    (i) Umbra - The region on earth where umbra falls will have a total solar eclipsse.
    (ii) Penumbra - The region where penumbra partial solar eclipse.
  1. Solar eclipse may be partial or total.. During a partial solar eclipse, a part of sun can be seen and during a total eclipse the sun cannot be seen at all.

Question 12: Give the full form of: IAU and ISRO


  1. IAU - International Astronomical Union
  2. ISRO - Indian Research Organisation

Question: What are artificial satellites? Describe their uses.

Answer: Artificial satellites are man-made objects that orbit the earth.

  1. Communication satellites - They send signals for T.V and radio programmes and telephone calls.
  2. Navigation satellites - Help ships and aircraft find their way.
  3. Astronomy satellites - Carry telescopes into spaces.
  4. Weather satellites - Help in weather forecasting.


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