NCERT Solutions for Chapter 1 What, Where, How and When? Class 6 History

History is revealed through many sources (such as books, newspapers, and letters) and artifacts (such as pottery, tools, and human or animal remains). Historically significant objects are collected and conserved in libraries, archives, and museums for people to study the history. Many things can be discovered about ancient people. Using historical sources, you can discover where ancient people stayed, what they wore, and how they made money. Food and diet can also be found out about ancient people. Overall you can find the lifestyle of the ancient people through these historical sources.

NCERT Solutions for Class 6th History Chapter 1 What, Where, How and When?

What, Where, How and When? Questions and Answers

Chapter Name

What, Where, How and When? NCERT Solutions


CBSE Class 6

Textbook Name


Related Readings


Question 1: You have to interview an archaeologist. Prepare a list of five questions that you would like to ask her/him.


1. What is archaeology?

2. What are different branches of archaeology?

3. What does an archaeologist do?

4. What is the importance of Archaeology?

5. If an archaeologist has to find out the time period of any finding what is the process or method?


Question 1: Match the following:

Column A


Column B


Narmada Valley


The first big kingdom




Hunting and gathering


Garo hills


Cities about 2500 years ago


Indus and its tributaries


Early agriculture


Ganga Valley


The first cities


Narmada Valley


Hunting and gathering


Explanation: One of earliest people, Hunters and gatherers lived along the banks of Narmada river. This river flows in Maharashtra.




The first big kingdom


Explanation: It was a big kingdom with powerful rulers. Areas of southern Bihar was a part of Magadha.


Garo hills


Early agriculture


Explanation: Garo hills are located in the state of Meghalaya. Humans of this region were first to grow crops, about 8000 years ago.


Indus and its tributaries


The first cities


Explanation: Indus river mainly flows in current day Pakistan. The first cities were developed along the bank of Indus and its tributaries. Indus valley civilization was one of the earliest civilization.


Ganga Valley


Cities about 2500 years ago


Explanation: River Ganga is one of the major rivers of India. Many civilizations developed along its bank.


  NOTE: Earlier civilizations grew near river valleys because abundant water was available. Doing agriculture was also easy due to fertile soil near rivers and available water. Flora and fauna is also rich in river valleys.


Question 2: List one major difference between manuscripts and inscriptions.






1. Manuscript refers to the ancient document written by hand. They were written on palm leaves or bark of trees. Bark of Birch trees, found in Himalayan region was majorly used for writing manuscripts.

 2. Manuscripts were written on plant material so many of them vanished due to decomposition or were eaten away by insects.

1. Inscription refers to writing on hard materials like stone slabs or metals. Rulers or kings used inscriptions to maintain records of their victories.


 2. Inscriptions were done by non material perishable hence they survived for longer time than manuscripts.




Question 3: Return to Rasheeda's question. Can you think of some answers to it?


Rasheeda's Question: How anyone can know what has happened One Hundred Years Ago.

Answers: We can know about the past events through the study of,

1.Books written in past.



4.Tools & weapons

NOTE: The information of past can only be gathered though records and material from the past. Archeologists and historian work together on the ancient artifacts to make reasonable conclusions about the past.

Question 4: Make a list of all the objects that archaeologists may find. Which of these could be made of stone?


Archaeologists may find these things in their search:

1. Potteries

2. Statues

3. Inscriptions

4. Manuscripts

5. Ornaments

6. Skeletons

7. Clothes

8. weapons

Weapons, statues, inscriptions, ornaments and tools may be made of stones. The materials made up of stones stay intact for longer duration of time.

Question 5: Why do you think ordinary men and women did not generally keep records of what they did?


Ordinary Men and Women did not keep a record of what they did because of these reasons:

1.  They spent their days searching for and gathering food, taking care of their families and ensuring their survival.

2.  They were not doing something great to keep a record of it, staying alive itself was a challenge.

3.  They didn't find time to keep records.

4.  It was not important for them.

Note: The kings used to keep records about their kingdoms and their victories, in the form of manuscripts or inscriptions.

Question 6: Describe at least two ways in which you think the lives of kings would have been different from those of farmers.






They had to work in the field.


They didn't have to work in the field.


They had to produce their food grains.


They have to protect their people and kingdom.


Their life was full of difficulties.

Life of a king was comfortable.


They formed the labour class


They were the owner and administrator of the kingdom.



Question 7: Find the word crafts persons on page 1. List at least five different crafts that you know about today. Are the crafts persons — (a) men (b) women (c) both men and women?


Types of crafts;


Craft person


Explanation of craft






Beautiful art pieces are carved out of wood.


Paper craft


Men and women



Art pieces are made using paper. A paper craft called origami is famous in Japan.




Men and women


Pots and other containers are made out of clay. Earthen pots (matka) are used for storing water in rural India.


Glass craft



Glass pieces are made by skilled craftsmen and are used in decorations.





Embroidery is made on clothes to make it appear beautiful. You can see embroidery on expensive Sarees.



Question 8: What were the subjects on which books were written in the past? Which of these would you like to read?


Ancient books were written on the following subjects:

1.  Religious beliefs and practices

2.  The lives of kings

3.  Medicine

4.  Science

I would like to read about the lives of kings. I am interested in knowing about their kingdom and how grand were their lives.









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