RS Aggarwal Solutions Chapter 12 Circles Exercise 12B Class 10 Maths
Chapter Name  RS Aggarwal Chapter 12 Circles 
Book Name  RS Aggarwal Mathematics for Class 10 
Other Exercises 

Related Study  NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths 
Exercise 12B Solutions
1. In the adjoining figure, a circle touches all the four sides of a quadrilateral ABCD whose sides are AB = 6 cm, BC = 9 cm and CD = 8 cm. Find the length of side AD.
SolutionWe know that when a quadrilateral circumscribes a circle then sum of opposite sides is equal to the sum of other opposite sides.
∴ AB + CD = AD + BC
⇒ 6 + 8 = AD = 9
⇒ AD = 5 cm
2. In the given figure, PA and PB are two tangents to the circle with centre O. If ∠APB = 50° then what is the measure of ∠OAB.
SolutionConstruction: Join OB
We know that the radius and tangent are perpendicular at their point of contact
∵ ∠OBP = ∠OAP = 90°
Now, In quadrilateral AOBP
∠AOB + ∠OBP + ∠APB + ∠OAP = 360° [Angle sum property of a quadrilateral]
⇒ ∠AOB + 90° + 50° + 90° = 360°
⇒ 230° + ∠BOC = 360°
⇒ ∠AOB = 130°
Now, In isosceles triangle AOB
∠AOB + ∠OAB + ∠OBA = 180° [Angle sum property of a triangle]
⇒ 130° + 2∠OAB = 180° [∵ ∠OAB = ∠OBA]
⇒ ∠OAB = 25°
3. In the given figure, O is the centre of a circle. PT and PQ are tangents to the circle from an external point P. If ∠TPQ = 70°, find the ∠TRQ.
SolutionConstruction: Join OQ and OT
We know that the radius and tangent are perpendicular at their point of contact
∵ ∠OTP = ∠OQP = 90°
Now, In quadrilateral OQPT
∠QOT + ∠OTP + ∠OQP + ∠TPO = 360° [Angle sum property of a quadrilateral]
⇒ ∠QOT + 90° + 90° = 70° = 360°
⇒ 250° + ∠QOT = 360°
⇒ ∠QOT = 110°
We know that the angle subtended by an arc at the center is double the angle subtended by the arc at any point on the remaining part of the circle.
∴ ∠TRQ = 1/2(∠QOT) = 55°
4. In the given figure common tangents AB and CD to the two circles with centres O_{1} and O_{2} intersect at E. Prove that AB = CD.
We know that tangent segments to a circle from the same external point are congruent.
So, we have
EA = EC for the circle having center O_{1}
and
ED = EB for the circle having centre O_{1}
Now, Adding ED on both sides in EA = EC, we get
EA + ED = EC + ED
⇒ EA + EB = EC + ED
⇒ AB = CD
5. If PT is a tangent to a circle with center O and PQ is a chord of the circle such that ∠QPT = 70°, then find the measure of ∠POQ.
SolutionWe know that the radius and tangent are perpendicular at their point of contact.
∴ ∠OPT = 90°
Now, ∠OPQ = ∠OPT  ∠TPQ = 90°  70° = 20°
Since, OP = OQ as both are radius
∴ ∠OPQ = ∠OQP = 20° (Angles opposite to equal sides are equal)
Now,
In isosceles ∆POQ
∠POQ + OPQ + OQP = 180° (Angle sum property of a triangle)
⇒ ∠POQ = 180°  20° = 140°
6. In the given figure, a triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 2 cm such that the segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D, are of lengths 4 cm and 3 cm respectively. If the area of ∆ABC = 21 cm2 then find the lengths of sides AB and AC.
SolutionConstruction: Join OA, OB, OC, OE ⊥ AB at E and OF ⊥ AC at F
We know that tangent segments to a circle from the same external point are congruent
Now, we have
AE = AF, BD = BE = 4 cm and CD = CF = 3 cm
Now,
Area (∆ABC) = Area(∆BOC) + Area(∆AOB) + Area (AOC)
⇒ 21 = 1/2 × BC × OD + 1/2 × AB × OE + 1/2 × AC × OF
⇒ 42 = 7 × 2 + (4 + x) × 2 + (3 + x) × 2
⇒ 21 = 7 + 4 + x + 3 + x
⇒ 21 = 14 + 2x
⇒ 2x = 7
⇒ x = 3.5 cm
∴ AB = 4 + 3.5 = 7.5 cm and AC = 3 + 3.5 = 6.5 cm
7. Two concentric circles are of radii5 cm and 3 cm. Find the length of the chord of the larger circle (in cm) which touches the smaller circle.
Solution
Given two circles have the same center O and AB is a chord of the larger circle touching the smaller circle at C; also, OA = 5 cm and OC = 3 cm
In ∆OAC, OA^{2} = OC^{2} + AC^{2}
∴ AC^{2} = OA^{2} – OC^{2}
⇒ AC^{2} = 5^{2} – 3^{2}
⇒ AC^{2} = 25 – 9
⇒ AC^{2} = 16
⇒ AC = 4 cm
∴ AB = 2AC (Since perpendicular drawn from the center of the circle bisects the chord)
∴ AB = 2 × 4 = 8 cm
The length of the chord of the larger circle is 8 cm.
8. Prove that the perpendicular at the point of contact of the tangent to a circle passes through the centre.
Solution
Let AB be the tangent to the circle at point P with center O.To prove: PQ passes through the point O.
Construction: Join OP
Through O, draw a straight line CD parallel to the tangent AB.
Proof: Suppose that PQ doesn’t passes through point O.
PQ intersect CD at R and also intersect AB at P.
AS, CD ∥ AB. PQ is the line of intersection.
∠ORP = ∠RPA (Alternate interior angles) but also.
∠RPA = 90° (OP ⊥ AB)
⇒ ∠ORP = 90°
∠ROP + ∠OPA = 180° (Cointerior angles)
⇒ ∠ROP + 90° = 180°
⇒ ∠ROP = 90°
Thus, the ∆ORP has 2 right angles i.e., ∠ORP and ∠ROP which is not possible
Hence, our supposition is wrong
∴ PQ passes through the point O.
9. In the given figure, two tangents RQ, and RP and RP are drawn from an external point R to the circle with centre O. If ∠PRQ = 120°, then prove that OR = PR + RQ.
SolutionConstruction Join PO and OQIn ∆POR and ∆QOR
OP = OQ (Radii)
RP = RQ (Tangents from the external point are congruent).
OR = OR (Common)
By SSS congruency, ∆POR ≅ ∆QOR
∠PRO = ∠QRO (C.P.C.T)
Now, ∠PRO + ∠QRO = ∠PRQ
⇒ 2∠PRO = 120°
⇒ ∠PRO = 60°
Now, In ∆POR
cos 60° = PR/OR
⇒ 1/2 = PR/OR
⇒ OR = 2PR
⇒ OR = PR + PR
⇒ OR = PR + RQ
10. In the given figure, a cradle inscribed in a triangle ABC touches the sides AB, BC and CA at points D, E and F respectively. If AB = 14 cm, BC = 8 cm and CA = 12 cm. Find the length AD, BE and CF.
SolutionWe know that segments to a circle from the same external point are congruent
Now, we have
AD = AF, BD = BE and CE = CF
Now, AD + BD = 14 cm ....(1)
AF + FC = 12 cm
⇒ AD + FC = 12 cm ...(2)
BE + EC = 8 cm
⇒ BD + FC = 8 cm ...(3)
Adding all these we get
AD + BD + AD + FC + BD + FC = 342
⇒ 2(AD + BD + FC) = 34
⇒ AD + BO + FC = 17 cm ...(4)
Solving (1) and (4), we get
FC = 3 cm
Solving (2) and (4), we get
BD = 5 cm = BE
Solving (3) and (4), we get
and AD = 9 cm
11. In the given figure, O is the centre of the circle, PA and PB are tangents. Show that AOBP is cyclic quadrilateral.
SolutionWe know that the radius and tangent are perpendicular at their point of contact
∵ ∠OBP = ∠OAP = 90°
Now, In quadrilateral AOBP
∠APB + ∠AOB + ∠OBP + ∠OAP = 360° [Angle sum property of a quadrilateral]
⇒ ∠APB + ∠AOB + 90° + 90° = 360°
⇒ ∠APB + ∠AOB = 180°
Since, the sum of the opposite angles of the quadrilateral is 180°
Hence, AOBP is a cyclic quadrilateral.
12. In two concentric circles. a chord of length 8 cm of the large circle touches the smaller circle. If the radius of the larger circle is 5 cm then find the radius of the smaller circle.
Solution
We know that the radius and tangent are perpendicular at their point of contactSince, the perpendicular drawn from the centre bisect the chord
∴ AP = PB = AB/2 = 4 cm
In right triangle AOP
AO^{2} = OP^{2 }+ PA^{2}
⇒ 5^{2 }= OP^{2} + 4^{2}
⇒ OP^{2} = 9
⇒ OP = 3 cm
Hence, the radius of the smaller circle is 3 cm.
13. In the given figure, PQ is chord of a circle with centre O an PT is a tangent. If ∠QPT = 60°, find the ∠PRQ.
SolutionWe know that the radius and tangent are perpendicular at their point of contact
∴ ∠OPT = 90°
Now, ∠OPQ = ∠OPT  ∠QPT = 90°  60° = 30°
Since, OP = OQ as born is radius
∴ ∠OPQ = ∠OQP = 30° (Angles opposite to equal sides are equal)
Now, In isosceles, POQ
∠POQ + ∠OPQ + ∠OQP = 180° (Angle sum property of a triangle)
⇒ POQ = 180°  30°  30° = 120°
Now, ∠POQ + reflex ∠POQ = 360° (Complete angle)
⇒ reflex ∠POQ = 360°  120° = 240°
We know that the angle subtended by an arc at the centre double the angle subtended by the arc at any point on the remaining part of the circle.
∴ ∠PRQ = 1/2 (reflect ∠POQ) = 120°
14. In the given figure, PA and PB are two tangents to the circle with centre O. If ∠APB = 60°, then find the measure of ∠AOB.
SolutionConstruction: Join OB
∵ ∠OBP = ∠OAP = 90°
Now, In quadrilateral AOBP
∠AOB + ∠OBP + ∠APB + ∠OAP = 360° [Angle sum property of a quadrilateral]
⇒ ∠AOB + 90° + 60° + 90° = 360°
⇒ 240° + ∠AOB = 360°
⇒ ∠AOB + 90° + 60° + 90° = 360°
⇒ 240° + ∠AOB = 360°
⇒ ∠AOB = 120°
Now, In isosceles triangle AOB
∠AOB + ∠OAB + ∠OBA = 180° [Angle sum property of a triangle]
⇒ 120° + 2∠OAB = 180° [∵ ∠OAB = ∠OBA]
⇒ ∠OAB = 30°