NCERT Solution for Class 10 Mathematics Chapter 2 Polynomials
Chapter Name  NCERT Solution for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2 Polynomials 
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Short Revision for Polynomials
 In a polynomial p(x), the highest exponent of x is called the degree of the polynomial.
 Polynomials of degrees 1, 2 and 3 are called linear, quadratic and cubic polynomials respectively.
 If p(x) is a polynomial in x, and if k is any real number, then the value obtained by replacing x by k in p(x), is Sled the value of p(x) at x = k, and is denoted by p(k).
 If on substituting x = k in a polynomial p(x), we get p(k) = 0, then k is said to be a zero of the polynomial.
 Every real number is a constant polynomial.
 0 is the zero polynomial.
 The degree of a nonzero constant polynomial is zero.
 Polynomials of one term, two terms and three terms are called monomial, binomial and trinomial respectively.
 2x^{3} + 5x^{2} – 7x + √3 is a polynomial in the variable x of degree 3.
 x^{5/2} + x^{2} – 7x + 3 is not a polynomial.
 If the graph of a polynomial intersects x  axis at n points, then the number of zeroes of the polynomial is n.
 If a linear polynomial is p(x) = ax + b, then zero of the polynomial = (Constant term)/Coefficient of x = b/a.
 If a quadratic polynomial is p(x) = ax^{2} + bx + c, then
Sum of zeroes = (coefficient of x)/coefficient of x^{2}) = b/a
Product of zeroes = Constant term/Coefficient of x^{2} = c/a.  If a cubic polynomial is p(x) = ax^{3} + bx^{2} + cx + d, then
Sum of zeroes = (Coefficient of x^{2})/(Coefficient of x^{3}) = b/a
Sum of the product of zeroes taken two at a time = (Coefficient of x)/(Coefficient of x^{2}) = c/a
Product of zeroes = (Constant term)/(Coefficient of x^{2}) = d/a  If one polynomial P(x)is divided by the other polynomial g(x)≠0, then the relation among p(x), g(x), quotient q(x) and remainder r(x) is given by
p(x) = g(x) × q(x) + r(x), where degree of r(x) < degree of g(x).
i.e., Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder  A linear polynomial has at most 1 zero.
 A quadratic polynomial has at most 2 zeroes.
 A cubic polynomial has at most 3 zeroes.
NCERT Exercises Solution
Exercise 2.1
1. The graphs of y = p(x) are given in Fig. 2.10 below, for some polynomials p(x). Find the number of zeroes of p(x), in each case.
Solution(ii) As the graph of polynomial cuts (meets) x  axis only once, so the polynomial has exactly one zero.
(iii) As the graph of polynomial cuts (meets) x  axis thrice, so the polynomial has three zeroes.
(iv) As the graph of polynomial cuts(meets) x  axis twice, so the polynomial has exactly two zeroes.
(v) As the graph of polynomial cuts (meets) x  axis four times, so the polynomial has four zeroes.
(vi) As the graph of polynomial cuts (meets) x axis three times, so the polynomial has three zeroes.
Exercise 2.2
1. Find the zeroes of the following quadratic polynomials and verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients.
(i) x^{2}–2x –8
(ii) 4s^{2}–4s+1
(iii) 6x^{2}–3–7x
(iv) 4u^{2}+8u
(v) t^{2}–15
(vi) 3x^{2}–x–4
2. Find a quadratic polynomial each with the given numbers as the sum and product of its zeroes respectively.
(i) 1/4 , 1
(ii)√2, 1/3
(iii) 0, √5
(iv) 1, 1
(v) 1/4, 1/4
(vi) 4, 1
Exercise 2.3
1. Divide the polynomial p(x) by the polynomial g(x) and find the quotient and remainder in each of the following:
(i) p(x) = x^{3}3x^{2}+5x–3 , g(x) = x^{2}–2
(ii) p(x) = x^{4}3x^{2}+4x+5 , g(x) = x^{2}+1x
(iii) p(x) =x^{4}–5x+6, g(x) = 2–x^{2}
2. Check whether the first polynomial is a factor of the second polynomial by dividing the second polynomial by the first polynomial:
(i) t^{2}3, 2t^{4 }+3t^{3}2t^{2}9t12
(ii)x^{2}+3x+1 , 3x^{4}+5x^{3}7x^{2}+2x+2
(iii) x^{3}3x+1, x^{5}4x^{3}+x^{2}+3x+1
3. Obtain all other zeroes of 3x^{4}+6x^{3}2x^{2}10x5, if two of its zeroes are √(5/3) and – √(5/3).
4. On dividing x^{3}3x^{2}+x+2 by a polynomial g(x), the quotient and remainder were x–2 and –2x+4, respectively. Find g(x).
5. Give examples of polynomials p(x), g(x), q(x) and r(x), which satisfy the division algorithm and
(i) deg p(x) = deg q(x)
(ii) deg q(x) = deg r(x)
(iii) deg r(x) = 0
Exercise 2.4
1. Verify that the numbers given alongside of the cubic polynomials below are their zeroes. Also verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients in each case:
(i) 2x^{3}+x^{2}5x+2; 1/2, 1, 2
(ii) x^{3}4x^{2}+5x2 ;2, 1, 1
2. Find a cubic polynomial with the sum, sum of the product of its zeroes taken two at a time, and the product of its zeroes as 2, –7, –14 respectively.
3. If the zeroes of the polynomial x^{3}3x^{2}+x+1 are a – b, a, a + b, find a and b.
4. If two zeroes of the polynomial x^{4}6x^{3}26x^{2}+138x35 are 2 ±√3, find other zeroes.
5. If the polynomial x^{4} +  6x^{3} + 16x^{2} – 25x + 10 is divided by another polynomial x^{2} – 2x + k, the remainder comes out to be x + a, find k and a.