# NCERT Solutions for Chapter 14 Statistics Class 9 Maths

 Chapter Name NCERT Solutions for Chapter 14 Statistics Class Class 9 Topics Covered Statistics and its LimitationsData, its types and its CharacteristicsFrequency of dataMean, Median and Mode Related Study Materials NCERT Solutions for Class 9 MathsNCERT Solutions for Class 9Revision Notes for Chapter 14 Statistics Class 9 MathsImportant Questions for Chapter 14 Statistics Class 9 MathsMCQ for for Chapter 14 Statistics Class 9 Maths

## Short Revision for Ch 14 Statistics Class 9 Maths

1. Data are collected for a definite purpose.
2. Primary data is obtained by the investigator himself or herself.
3. Secondary data is obtained from a source which already had the information stored.
4. Methods of graphical representation of data are :
(i) Bar graph
(ii) Histogram
(iii) Frequency polygon.
5. Mean, median and mode are the three measures of central tendency.
6. Mean is computed by adding all the values of the observations and dividing it by the total number of observations.
7. Mean is denoted by x  .
8. Mean of n observations, 9. Mean is also calculated by, 10. Median is the value of the middle - most observation(s).
11. If the number n of observations is odd, then median = value of [(n+1)/2]th observation.
12. 13. Mode is the most frequently occurring observation.
14. Mode = 3 median - 2 mean.

### Exercise 14.1

1. Give five examples of data that you can collect from your day-to-day life.

Solution

1. Number of students in each section of our school.
2. Height of each student of our class.
3. Temperature each day during the month.
4. Number of languages a student of our class knows.
5. Number of metro routes in Delhi and NCR.

2. Classify the data in Q.1 above as primary or secondary data.

Solution

1. Primary data.
2. Primary data.
3. Secondary data.
4. Primary data.
5. Secondary data.

### Exercise 14.2

1. The blood groups of 30 students of Class VIII are recorded as follows:
A, B, O, O, AB, O, A, O, B, A, O, B, A, O, O,
A, AB, O, A, A, O, O, AB, B, A, O, B, A, B, O.
Represent this data in the form of a frequency distribution table. Which is the most common, and which is the rarest, blood group among these students? As the frequency of blood group O is highest, i.e., 12 and that of AB is shortest, hence O is the most common and AB is the rarest blood group.

2. The distance (in km) of 40 engineers from their residence to their place of work were found as follows:
5 3 10 20 25 11 13 7 12 31
19 10 12 17 18 11 32 17 16 2
7 9 7 8 3 5 12 15 18 3
12 14 2 9 6 15 15 7 6 12
Construct a grouped frequency distribution table with class size 5 for the data given above taking the first interval as 0-5 (5 not included). What main features do you observe from this tabular representation? (i) 11 engineers each have distance 5 - 10 km and 10 - 15 km from residence to the place of work.
(ii) One engineer each has distance between 20 - 25 km and 25 - 30 km from residence to the place of work.

3. The relative humidity (in %) of a certain city for a month of 30 days was as follows:
98.1 98.6 99.2 90.3 86.5 95.3 92.9 96.3 94.2 95.1
89.2 92.3 97.1 93.5 92.7 95.1 97.2 93.3 95.2 97.3
96.2 92.1 84.9 90.2 95.7 98.3 97.3 96.1 92.1 89
(i) Construct a grouped frequency distribution table with classes 84 – 86, 86 – 88, etc.
(ii) Which month or season do you think this data is about?
(iii) What is the range of this data?

(i) The given data is about the month of September (rainy season).
(ii) Range = 99.2 - 84.9 = 14.3

4The heights of 50 students, measured to the nearest centimeters, have been found to be as follows:
161 150 154 165 168 161 154 162 150 151
162 164 171 165 158 154 156 172 160 170
153 159 161 170 162 165 166 168 165 164
154 152 153 156 158 162 160 161 173 166
161 159 162 167 168 159 158 153 154 159
(i) Represent the data given above by a grouped frequency distribution table, taking the class intervals as 160 – 165, 165 – 170, etc.
(ii) What can you conclude about their heights from the table?

5. A study was conducted to find out the concentration of sulphur dioxide in the air in parts per million (ppm) of a certain city. The data obtained for 30 days is as follows:
0.03 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.04 0.17
0.16 0.05 0.02 0.06 0.18 0.20
0.11 0.08 0.12 0.13 0.22 0.07
0.08 0.01 0.10 0.06 0.09 0.18
0.11 0.07 0.05 0.07 0.01 0.04
(i) Make a grouped frequency distribution table for this data with class intervals as 0.00 – 0.04, 0.04 – 0.08, and so on.
(ii) For how many days, was the concentration of Sulphur dioxide more than 0.11 parts per million?

Solution

6. Three coins were tossed 30 times simultaneously. Each time the number of heads occurring was noted down as follows:
0 1 2 2 1 2 3 1 3 0
1 3 1 1 2 2 0 1 2 1
3 0 0 1 1 2 3 2 2 0
Prepare a frequency distribution table for the data given above.

7. The value of π up to 50 decimal places is given below:
3.14159265358979323846264338327950288419716939937510
(i) Make a frequency distribution of the digits from 0 to 9 after the decimal point.
(ii) What are the most and the least frequently occurring digits?

8. Thirty children were asked about the number of hours they watched TV programmes in the previous week. The results were found as follows:
1 6 2 3 5 12 5 8 4 8
10 3 4 12 2 8 15 1 17 6
3 2 8 5 9 6 8 7 14 12
(i) Make a grouped frequency distribution table for this data, taking class width 5 and one of the class intervals as 5-10.
(ii) How many children watched television for 15 or more hours a week?

9. A company manufactures car batteries of a particular type. The lives (in years) of 40 such batteries were recorded as follows:
2.6 3.0 3.7 3.2 2.2 4.1 3.5 4.5
3.5 2.3 3.2 3.4 3.8 3.2 4.6 3.7
2.5 4.4 3.4 3.3 2.9 3.0 4.3 2.8
3.5 3.2 3.9 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.7 3.4
4.6 3.8 3.2 2.6 3.5 4.2 2.9 3.6
Construct a grouped frequency distribution table for this data, using class intervals of size 0.5 starting from the interval 2 – 2.5.

### Exercise 14.3

1. A survey conducted by an organisation for the cause of illness and death among the women between the ages 15 – 44 (in years) worldwide, found the following figures (in %):

 S.No. Causes Female fatality rate (%) 1. Reproductive health conditions 31.8 2. Neuropsychiatric conditions 25.4 3. Injuries 12.4 4. Cardiovascular conditions 4.3 5. Respiratory conditions 4.1 6. Other causes 22.0

(i) Represent the information given above graphically.
(ii) Which condition is the major cause of women’s ill health and death worldwide?
(iii) Try to find out, with the help of your teacher, any two factors which play a major role in the cause in (ii) above being the major cause.

Solution

(i) Bar graph representing the causes of female fatality rate (in %) (ii) Reproductive health conditions is the major cause of illness and death of women.
(iii) Two factors are uneducated and poor background.

2. The following data on the number of girls (to the nearest ten) per thousand boys in different sections of Indian society is given below.

 S.No. Section Number of girls per thousand boys 1. Scheduled Caste (SC) 940 2. Scheduled Tribe (ST) 970 3. Non SC/ST 920 4. Backward districts 950 5. Non-backward districts 920 6. Rural 930 7. Urban 910

(i) Represent the information above by a bar graph.
(ii) In the classroom discuss what conclusions can be arrived at from the graph.

Solution
(ii) The highest percentage of girls per thousand boys and the lowest percentage of boys per thousand boys in different sections of Indian society are from ST and urban sections respecively.

3. Given below are the seats won by different political parties in the polling outcome of a state assembly elections:

 Political party A B C D E F Seats won 75 55 37 29 10 37
(i) Draw a bar graph to represent the polling results.
(ii) Which political party won the maximum number of seats?

4. The length of 40 leaves of a plant are measured correct to one millimeter, and the obtained data is represented in the following table:
 S.No. Length (in mm) Number of leaves 1. 118 – 126 3 2. 127 – 135 5 3. 136 – 144 9 4. 145 – 153 12 5. 154 – 162 5 6. 163 – 171 4 7. 172 – 180 2

(i) Draw a histogram to represent the given data. [Hint: First make the class intervals continuous]
(ii) Is there any other suitable graphical representation for the same data?
(iii) Is it correct to conclude that the maximum number of leaves are 153 mm long? Why?

5. The following table gives the life times of 400 neon lamps:

 Life Time (in hours) Number of lamps 300 – 400 14 400 – 500 56 500 – 600 60 600 – 700 86 700 – 800 74 800 – 900 62 900 – 1000 48

(i) Represent the given information with the help of a histogram.
(ii) How many lamps have a life time of more than 700 hours?

6. The following table gives the distribution of students of two sections according to the marks obtained by them : Represent the marks of the students of both the sections on the same graph by two frequency polygons. From the two polygons compare the performance of the two sections.

7. The runs scored by two teams A and B on the first 60 balls in a cricket match are given below :

Solution
Let us represent the data into continuous class - intervals.

8. A random survey of the number of children of various age groups playing in a park was found as follows:

9. 100 surnames were randomly picked up from a local telephone directory and a frequency distribution of the number of letters in the English alphabet in the surnames was found as follows:

(i) Draw a histogram to depict the given information.
(ii) Write the class interval in which the maximum number of surnames lie.

### Exercise 14.4

1. The following number of goals were scored by a team in a series of 10 matches:
2, 3, 4, 5, 0, 1, 3, 3, 4, 3
Find the mean, median and mode of these scores.

2. In a mathematics test given to 15 students, the following marks (out of 100) are recorded:
41, 39, 48, 52, 46, 62, 54, 40, 96, 52, 98, 40, 42, 52, 60
Find the mean, median and mode of this data.

3. The following observations have been arranged in ascending order. If the median of the data is 63, find the value of x.
29, 32, 48, 50, x, x+2, 72, 78, 84, 95

4. Find the mode of 14, 25, 14, 28, 18, 17, 18, 14, 23, 22, 14, 18.

Solution

Arranging the data in ascending order, we have
14, 14, 14, 14, 17, 18, 18, 18 22,23, 25 28
We notice 14 occurs maximum number of times.
Hence, the mode is 14.

5. Find the mean salary of 60 workers of a factory from the following table:

6. Give one example of a situation in which
(i) the mean is an appropriate measure of central tendency.
(ii) the mean is not an appropriate measure of central tendency but the median is an appropriate measure of central tendency.

Solution

(i) Mean height of the students of a class.
(ii) Median weight of a pen, a book, a rubber band, a match box and a chair.