Workbook Answers for The Tempest by William Shakespeare Act 1 Scene 2 ISC

Here, we are providing you with the solutions of Workbook of The Tempest Act 1 Scene 2. This novel is written by William Shakespeare. The answers of workbook for The Tempest Act 1 Scene 2 is very useful for the students of ISC who are studying in either Class 11 or 12.

The Tempest Act 1 Scene 2 Workbook Answers


O! I have suffered

With those that I saw suffer. A brave vessel

(Who had, no doubt, some noble creature in her)

Dash’d all to pieces! O, the cry did knock

Against my very heart. Poor souls, they perish’d.

 Had I been any God of power, I would

Have sunk the sea within the earth or ere

It should the good ship so have swallow’d, and

The fraughting souls within her.

1. Where is Miranda? What has she seen that makes her suffer?


Miranda is on the island before Prospero's cell. Seeing the people in the ship frightened and the ship being swallowed by the sea waves makes her suffer.

2. Name some of the noble creatures referred to in the extract. How were they in the brave vessel.


The noble creatures referred to in the extract are Alonso(the King of Naples), Ferdinand(Alonso's son), Sebastian, Gonzalo, Antonio (usurping duke of Milan), etc. They were returning from abroad, in the brave vessel after Alonso's daughter Claribel's marriage to the King of Tunis.

3. Describe the nature of Miranda from the extract.


Miranda in the most charming feminine creation of Shakespeare. Her most noble quality is her sympathetic nature. She is emotional and has good feelings for others.

4. How is the brave vessel about to be dashed to pieces? Who is responsible for the destruction? Why would he do such destruction?


The storm or tempest is the reason for the brave vessel to be dashed to pieces. Prospero is responsible for the destruction. He did such destruction to reform his enemies and teach them a lesson and to make them realise their wrong deeds.

5. Why is Miranda ignorant of who Prospero was? Which items were necessary for Prospero to practice his magic art?


Miranda was ignorant of who Prospero was because when his dukedom was taken away from him, she was only three years old. Being so young it was not possible to recall all the things which happened 12 years ago. The items necessary for Prospero to practice magic were his books and his cloak.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) Dashed
(b) fraughting


(a) Dashed: wrecked
(b) fraughting: passenger

Extract 2

Miranda. O woe the day!

Prospero. No harm:

I have done nothing, but in care of thee

(Of thee my dear one, thee my daughter), who

Art ignorant of what thou art, nought knowing

Of whence I am, nor that I am more better

 Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell,

And thy no greater father.

Miranda. More to know

Did never meddle with my thoughts.

Prospero. ’Tis time

I should inform thee farther. Lend thy hand,

And pluck my magic garment from me. So,

1. Why does Miranda say, “O, woe the day”? How does Prospero console her?


Miranda says "O woe the day' by noticing the shipwreck and by seeing the suffering of the passengers on the ship. Prospero consoles her by saying there is no harm to passengers on the ship and everyone is safe.

2. Why is Miranda ignorant of who she is? What does she remember of her childhood days?


Miranda is ignorant of who she is because she was only three years old when she was brought to this island. She remembered that she had four or five maids to attend upon her.

3. How did Prospero and Miranda reach a particular place?


Prospero and Miranda reached the particular place i.e. an uninhabited island as a result of great injustice done to them by Prospero's own brother Antonio but it was a blessing that they were helped to reach safely.

4. Who had helped them? What did the helper do?


Gonzalo, an honest old courtier of Alonso helped them. He kept in the dilapidated boat, some food and some fresh water,costly clothes, linens,goods and essential commodities, and magic books which Prospero valued more than his dukedom.

5. Why did Prospero say:

“I am more better
Than Prospero, master of a full poor cell,
And thy no greater father”?


Prospero said this to hint Miranda that he is not a common man. He told Miranda that she didn't know his real identity. She only considered Prospero as her father and the owner of the poor cell, but he was definitely more than that.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) meddle
(b) pluck


(a) meddle: enter
(b) pluck: take off

Extract 3

Prospero. Both, both, my girl.

By foul play (as thou say’st) were we heav’d thence,

But blessedly holp hither.

Miranda. O, my heart bleeds

To think o’ th’ teen that I have turn’d you to,

Which is from my remembrance! Please you, farther.

Prospero. My brother and thy uncle, call’d Antonio—

I pray thee mark me—that a brother should

Be so perfidious!

1. What two reasons does Prospero give in the extract for their coming to their destination? What was the foul play referred to in the extract?


The following are the two reasons that Prospero give for their coming to the island:

(i) They were thrown out by a foul play.

(ii) ) It was a blessing in disguise that they have reached the island. Prospero was the rightful Duke of Milan. He had great interest in the study of philosophy and magic and left the control of the state's affairs in the hands of his brother Antonio. He grew ambitious and in order to usurp his dukedom, he made a secret deal with the king of Naples Then one night Prospero and his daughter were ousted. from the palace. They were put aboard a small dilapidated boat with no mast nor sails and were left to die in the sea.

2. Why was Prospero’s coming to the new place a blessing in disguise? What does Prospero’s thinking show about his character?


Prospero and Miranda had survived and found exile on a small island. He has learned Sorcery from books, and uses it while on the island to protect Miranda and control the other characters. Prospero's sorcery is sufficiently powerful to control Ariel and other spirits, as well as to alter weather and even raise the dead. Prospero himself says, " Graves at my command have waked their sleepers, oped, and let 'em forth, by my so potent Art" ( Act V, scene 1.) On the island, Prospero becomes master of the monster Caliban (the son of Sycorax, a malevolent witch) and forces Caliban into submission by punishing him with magic if he does not obey. Ariel is beholden to Prospero after he is freed from his imprisonment inside the pine tree. Prospero's thinking shows that he is generous.

3. State what Prospero had done for his brother?


Prospero loved his brother more than anybody else except Miranda in the world. He gave up all responsibilities and entrusted him the management of state which was foremost among all the principalities.

4. How did the brother prove to be ungrateful to him?


Antonio proved to be ungrateful to Prospero as his brother Antonio made an alliance with the King of Naples and drove off Prospero and Miranda from the Dukedom of Milan.

5. How was Prospero unparalleled to others in dignity and learning in those days?


Prospero ignored all the worldly interest. He was devoted to his private life and to the progress of his mind with studies which were more than all excessive popular praise. Prospero had been the first among the Dukes. Thus, he was unparalleled to others in dignity and learning in those days. 

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) heaved
(b) perfidious


(a) heaved: removed
(b) perfidious: treacherous

Extract 4

PROSPERO. Being once perfected how to grant suits,

 How to deny them, who t’ advance and who

To trash for overtopping, new created

The creatures that were mine, I say, or chang’d ’em,

Or else new form’d ’em; having both the key

Of officer and office, set all hearts i’ th’ state

 To what tune pleas’d his ear, that now he was

The ivy which had hid my princely trunk,

And suck’d my verdure out on’t. Thou attend’st not!

1.What did Prospero assign to be done by Antonio? Why did the former do it?


Prospero entrusted the administration of Milan in the hands of his brother Antonio. Being the Duke of Milan, Antonio learnt how to grant and reject suits, whom to advance and keep down from going too high. Prospero did so because he engrossed himself in secret studies.

2. How has Antonio new created the creatures” that were Prospero’s?


Antonio newly created the men who were of Prospero or replaced them with his own men with his authority. They all were threatened by Antonio and dared not to go against his will. As a result no person was left on Antonio's side.

3. How did Antonio deal with the old officeholders? How did he train his new officeholders?


Antonio was rude with his officeholders who were mostly against his decision. He trained his new officeholders in such a way that it would be easier for him to take over the dukedom from Prospero.

4. Explain in what way was Antonio like an ivy.


Antonio is the evil brother of Prospero, the Duke of Milan. He cheated his own brother and usurped his dukedom. He tells Miranda that her uncle is like the creeping ivy. He compares him and says that just like an ivy covers the oak tree, sucking out all strength from it in the same way Antonio sucked all the powers and vitality of Prospero.

5. By excluding the material given in the extract above, state how Antonio got control of the dukedom.


Prospero was the Duke of Milan. He was more interested in studying philosophy and magic, and he left the administration of state's affairs to his brother, Antonio who grew ambitious and made a secret plan with the King of Naples to oust his brother from his dukedom.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) suits
(b) advance


(a) suits: petitions
(b) advance: promote

Extract 5

MIRANDA. Your tale, sir, would cure deafness.

PROSPERO. To have no screen between this part he


And him he play’d it for, he needs will be

Absolute Milan—me (poor man) my library

 Was dukedom large enough: of temporal royalties

He thinks me now incapable; confederates

(So dry he was for sway) wi’ th’ King of Naples

To give him annual tribute, do him homage,

Subject his coronet to his crown, and bend

 The dukedom yet unbow’d (alas, poor Milan!)

To most ignoble stooping.

1. What is meant by Absolute Milan? What is the extract shows that Antonio has become Absolute Milan.


The word Absolute Milan means the duke all in all. Antonio was considered to be the Absolute Milan. Prospero tells Miranda that in order to be a complete Duke of Milan, Antonio wanted to do away with all that stood between the appearance and the reality. He grew so ambitious that he joined hands with the King of Naples and expelled Prospero, his own brother out of his dukedom.

2.What did Antonio think of Prospero’s library?


Antonio became ambitious and wanted to be the Duke of Milan. He began to consider Prospero a worthless fellow and thought that his library was a fair substitute for his dukedom. He considered Prospero as totally unfit to exercise any political authority.

3.What was the relationship earlier between King of Naples and Prospero? Now, what is the relationship between Naples and Milan?


Alonso, the king of Naples and Prospero were the arch rivals. But now Antonio is the Duke of Milan and they are on good terms because they both conspired against Prospero. Antonio gave him respect as a superior person and accepted a subordinate position to Naples.

4. What is the most ignoble snooping? How did Antonio cause the ignoble snooping?


According to Prospero, the most ignoble snooping is that Antonio has placed the dukedom of Milan under the humiliating control of Naples. Antonio had caused the ignoble snooping by entering into an agreement with the King Naples by paying him an annual tribute and accepting a subordinate position to Naples.

5. Narrate what harm the King of Naples has done to Milan?


Prospero tells Miranda that Antonio has entered into a contract with the King of Naples to expel him from his dukedom. He agrees to pay an annual tribute to the King of Naples and give him respect as a superior person and accept a subordinate position to Naples. It was a distressing situation for the unfortunate people of Milan who had never accepted subservience to any external authority.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) royalties
(b) sway


(a) royalties: rights granted by monarch authority
(b) sway: contract

Extract 6

PROSPERO. Well demanded, wench;

 My tale provokes that question. Dear, they durst not,

So dear the love my people bore me; nor set

A mark so bloody on the business; but

With colors fairer painted their foul ends.

In few, they hurried us aboard a bark,

 Bore us some leagues to sea; where they prepared

A rotten carcass of a butt, not rigg’d,

Nor tackle, sail, nor mast, the very rats

Instinctively have quit it. There they hoist us,

To cry to th’ sea, that roar’d to us; to sigh

1. To whom is Prospero speaking? What is “well demanded”?


Prospero is speaking to Miranda. Well demanded here refers to a relevant question asked by Miranda that why their enemies i.e. Alonso and Antonio, didn't destroy them at once.

2. Why didn’t the enemies of Prospero get rid of him?


The enemies of Prospero didn't have courage to destroy him and Miranda because the people of Milan were so devoted to him. If they would have killed him, it would have become a bloody affair. So Antonio and his associates carried out their wicked designs secretly. 

3. What did the enemies do to Prospero?


Antonio and Alonso plotted against Prospero and his daughter Miranda. One midnight, the treacherous army of Alonso entered into Milan and took Prospero and Miranda into a ship, they were carried some distance out to sea and put in a dilapidated boat and were left to the mercy of the sea.

4. What is a rotten carcass of a butt? Why is it called so? Describe the condition of the butt.


'A rotten carcass of a butt' means a rotten hulk of an old ship. It is called so because it was a mere ruin of a boat absolutely unfit for sea. The boat neither has ropes, sails nor a mast. It was a bare body of a ship, without any of the usual fittings.

5. Describe how the sea and its surroundings reacted to the anxiety of Prospero and Miranda?


Prospero tells Miranda that they were oust from the dukedom in a dilapidated boat and were left at the mercy of the sea. He says that the sea and its surroundings were sympathetic to him. He says that when he cries to the sea, it roars back to them and when he sighed to the winds, it sighed back in return to them.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) provokes
(b) rigged


(a) provokes: Invite
(b) rigged: stubborn

Extract 7

MIRANDA. How came we ashore?

PROSPERO. By Providence divine.

 Some food we had, and some fresh water, that

A noble Neapolitan, Gonzalo,

Out of his charity, who being then appointed

Master of this design, did give us, with

Rich garments, linens, stuffs, and necessaries,

 Which since have steaded much; so, of his gentleness,

Knowing I lov’d my books, he furnish’d me

From mine own library with volumes that

I prize above my dukedom.

1. Where are Miranda and Prospero? How did they reach the shore?


Miranda and Prospero are on the uninhabited island. Prospero was oust from his dukedom with his three years old daughter in a dilapidated boat by his brother Antonio. According to Prospero, they reached ashore by Providence divine i.e. by the loving care of God.

2.Who was Gonzalo? How can you say that Gonzalo was the man with some concern for Prospero?


Gonzalo was an old honest courtier in Alonso's court. When Prospero was expelled from his dukedom, Gonzalo, the incharge of the plan, helped Prospero by not only keeping rich garments, linens, stuffs, and necessaries in his boat but also books from Prospero's library which he valued above his dukedom.

3.What did Gonzalo provide Prospero with for the journey?


Gonzalo, an old courtier, was the incharge of the design planned by Antonio and Alonso i.e. to expel Prospero from his dukedom. Gonzalo helped Prospero by keeping rich garments, linens, stuffs, and necessaries and books from Prospero's library which he valued above his dukedom in his dilapidated boat for his journey.

4. What was above Prospero’s dukedom, among the things provided by Gonzalo? How did Prospero make use of it?


Among the things provided by Gonzalo, Prospero' books were above all other things which he kept in his dilapidated boat . He valued them above his dukedom. He used those books in learning magic when he came on the uninhabited island and taking revenge from his enemies.

5.Why did Prospero bring his enemies to the island?


Prospero brought his enemies i.e. Antonio, Alonso and Sebastian on that uninhabited island to take revenge for the act which they had done twelve years ago to Prospero and Miranda. They oust Prospero and Miranda in a dilapidated boat and left them on the mercy of the sea.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) steaded
(b) prize


(a) steaded: helped
(b) prize: given as a prize

Extract 8

ARIEL. To every article.

I boarded the King’s ship; now on the beak,

Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin,

I flam’d amazement: Sometime I’ld divide,

And burn in many places; on the topmast,

 The yards and boresprit, would I flame distinctly,

Then meet and join. Jove’s lightning, the precursors

O’ th’ dreadful thunder-claps, more momentary

And sight-outrunning were not; the fire and cracks

Of sulphurous roaring the most mighty Neptune

 Seem to besiege, and make his bold waves tremble,

Yea, his dread trident shake.

1. What did Ariel do as the spirit of fire?


Ariel as the spirit of fire wrecked King Alonso's ship. He burned like a flame and created terror and confusion there. He divided himself in a number of different places, on the highest mast, the cross masts, the bowsprit, and then reunite into one again

2. How did Ariel show that he was active in his operation?


Ariel indicated his liveliness in his activity by depicting terror and confusion, he created among the passengers aboard. He told Prospero that he was faster than the movements of Jove's lightning which are seen before his dreadful thunderbolts.

3.Who is Jove? How are Jove’s lightning and thunder-claps described by Ariel in the extract?


Jove or Jupiter is the God of thunder and lightning. Ariel reports on Prospero about the task he has successfully accomplished. He tells him that he went aboard the king’s ship and hurled lightning and thunder on every part of the ship at a very fast speed. His movements in doing so were faster than the movement of Jove’s lightning which are seen before Jove hurls his dreadful thunderbolts 

4.Who is Neptune? What role did Neptune play in creating havoc on the sea?


Neptune is the God of the sea. He is described as ruling the waves of the sea with his mighty three-pronged spear, called a trident.

5.A little later, what does Ariel accused of? How do you know that Prospero is fond of Ariel and his services?


Ariel accuses Prospero of not fulfilling the promise that he has done to him that is giving him freedom. Prospero is fond of Ariel and his services as he always gives hard tasks to him which he performs without grudge or grumbling.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) precursors
(b) besiege


(a) precursors: harbingers
(b) besiege: attack

Extract 9

ARIEL. Safely in harbor

Is the King’s ship; in the deep nook, where once

Thou call’dst me up at midnight to fetch dew

From the still-vex’d Bermoothes, there she’s hid;

 The mariners all under hatches stowed;

Who, with a charm join’d to their suff’red labor,

I have left asleep; and for the rest o’ th’ fleet

(Which I dispers’d), they all have met again,

And are upon the Mediterranean float

 Bound sadly home for Naples,

Supposing that they saw the King’s ship wrack’d,

And his great person perish.

PROSPERO. Ariel, thy charge

Exactly is perform’d; but there’s more work.

What is the time o’ th’ day?

1.Where is the King’s ship?


The King's ship here refers to King Alonso's ship. His ship is safe in the harbour in the deep recess where once Prospero roused Ariel at midnight to go and bring dew from the storm tossed- Bermuda.

2. Where is Bermoothes? Why is it still vexed? Why did Ariel go there earlier?


Bermoothes here refers to Bermuda It is a group of islands located in the West Indies. It is still vexed means that Bermudas are still troubled by storms. Ariel was sent there earlier by Prospero to collect dew for his magic operations. 

3. Where are the mariners? Where are the rest of the fleet?


The mariners have been put away in the ship's hold. The effect of Ariel's spell has increased their fatigue from toil and they are now asleep. The rest of the fleet which Ariel had scattered earlier, have now met again on the waters of the Mediterranean sea.

4.What did the people in the rest of the fleet think about the king and his ship?


The people on the rest of the fleet were scattered on the sea by Ariel's spell but now they had met. They all are in a sad plight and are making their way to Naples. They believed that the King's ship had wrecked and the King had drowned.

5.What work will be assigned further to Ariel in the near future?


Ariel, a spirit of the air, is Prospero's slave. Further in the play, he will be assigned various important tasks by Prospero. He will be told to take the form of a water nymph and should not be visible to any eyes except Prospero and himself. He will be luring Ferdinand to the place where Prospero and Miranda are.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) still-vexed
(b) dispersed


(a) still-vexed: agaited
(b) dispersed: hide

Extract 10

PROSPERO. This blue-eyed hag was hither brought with child

 And here was left by th’ sailors. Thou, my slave,

As thou report’st thyself, was then her servant,

And for thou wast a spirit too delicate

To act her earthy and abhorr’d commands,

Refusing her grand hests, she did confine thee,

 By help of her more potent ministers,

And in her most unmitigable rage,

Into a cloven pine, within which rift

Imprison’d, thou didst painfully remain

A dozen years

1. Who is the blue-eyed hag? From where did she come to the island? What is said about her earlier in the scene?


Sycorax is referred to as the blue-eyed hag by Prospero. She had come from Algiers. Prospero reminds Ariel about Sycorax that she was banished from Algiers for numerous acts of mischief and for witchcraft too dreadful to be disclosed to the human ear.

2.What was the relationship between Ariel and the old hag? Why was she annoyed with Ariel?


The relationship between Sycorax and Ariel was of master and servant. Ariel was Sycorax's servant. He didn't like Sycorax and her hateful commands. He refused to carry out her chief commands and out of rage, Sycorax shut up Ariel in an open pine tree with the help of her more powerful agents.

3. How did the old hag punish Ariel? How long was Ariel held by her spell?


The old hag here refers to Sycorax. She imprisoned Ariel for not carrying out her foul and disgusting orders. So with the help of her more powerful spirits, she imprisoned him in the rift of a pine tree. Ariel was held in the pine tree for twelve years.

4. In what condition did Prospero find Ariel? How did he threaten Ariel if the latter murmured against the former?


Prospero found Ariel imprisoned in the hollow of the pine tree where he languished for twelve years. Prospero threatened Ariel that if he complaint anymore, he would split an oak tree and fix Ariel in its twisted trunk, groaning for another twelve years.

5.Who liberated Ariel from his punishment? What conditions were put on Ariel after liberating him?


Prospero liberated Ariel from his punishment by using his magical powers. Prospero freed Ariel on the condition that he needs to follow his orders and work for him.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) abhorred
(b) unmitigable


(a) abhorred: hateful
(b) unmitigable: heartless

Extract 11

CALIBAN. I must eat my dinner.

This island’s mine by Sycorax my mother,

Which thou tak’st from me. When thou cam’st first,

Thou strok’st me and madest much of me, wouldst give


Water with berries in’t, and teach me how

 To name the bigger light, and how the less,

That burn by day and night; and then I lov’d thee

And show’d thee all the qualities o’ th’ isle,

The fresh springs, brine-pits, barren place and fertile.

Curs’d be I that did so!

1. Where was Caliban before Prospero arrived on the island? Give any three characteristics traits of Caliban?


Caliban was on a similar island as he was the local of the island. He was an extraordinary soul, called a half beast and half soul, and he is engaged with the abhorrent deeds of his mom. 

2. How has Caliban served Prospero? Describe how Caliban was treated by Prospero in the beginning.


Caliban has served Prospero by helping him to continue his life on that island by getting logs and doing other humble assignments. In starting Prospero rewarded him pleasantly, he used to show him language and signs.

3. What did Prospero teach him? State the outcome of his teaching.


Prospero showed him language and finishes paperwork for discussion, yet later on Caliban began reviling Prospero and talking merciless of him.

4.What did Caliban show to Prospero? What was more useful for survival on the island-what Prospero taught Caliban or what Caliban taught Prospero? Why?


When Prospero was new to this island Caliban gave him all the highlights of the island, for example, freshwater springs, saltwater pits, puts that were useful for developing things and that weren’t. The essential necessities for endurance on the island are food, water and living securely. Prospero instructed Caliban dialects with the goal that he can impart, though Caliban gave him things that were vital for carrying on with a real existence.

5. Which group of people did Caliban represent according to the Elizabethan audience? What was popularly believed about such people whom Caliban represented?


Caliban spoke to the gathering of savage, and was at the base of the Elizabethan social chain of command being unrefined, untamed and uncultivated. It was famously accepted about such individuals that they saw minimal social worth.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage:
(a) strokes
(b) brine-pits


(a) strokes: petted
(b) brine-pits: salt pits

Extract 12

Prospero. Abhorred slave,

Which any print of goodness wilt not take,

Being capable of all ill! I pitied thee,

Took pains to make thee speak, taught thee each hour

 One thing or other. When thou didst not, savage,

Know thine own meaning, but wouldst gabble like 

A thing most brutish, I endow’d thy purposes

With words that made them known. But thy vile race

(Though thou didst learn) had that in’t which good


 Could not abide to be with; therefore wast thou

Deservedly confined into this rock,

Who hadst deserved more than a prison.

1. What has Caliban said due to which Prospero is annoyed with him?


Caliban said to Prospero that it was a serious mix-up of him that he helped him and did anything he desired, he says that let every detestable spell of Sycorax hurt him with frogs and bats. 

2. Why did Prospero pity Caliban? What did the former do to improve the condition of the latter?


Prospero feels pitty on Caliban in light of the fact that he was not even in a condition to talk. Prospero helped him in improving his condition by showing him how to talk and showed him new things consistently when he couldn’t communicate Prospero gave him words.

3. What was the outcome of Prospero’s effort to teach him?


The result of Prospero’s push to instruct Caliban was that he utilized it to revile Prospero and tear down him. 

4.Where was Caliban confined? Why?


Caliban was limited in the cavern since it was the most appropriate spot for him to live as opposed to a jail. 

5. In what way was Caliban a man in a non-civilized condition?


Caliban was a non-humanized man since he was not realizing how to talk, in truth later on he was educated by Prospero how to talk and express, he was in this condition since he was the child of a witch Sycorax, who was constantly associated with shades of malice rehearses.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) abhorred
(b) brutish


(a) abhorred: distinguish
(b) brutish: cruel

Extract 13

CALIBAN. You taught me language, and my profit on’t

Is, I know how to curse. The red-plague rid you

 For learning me your language!

PROSPERO. Hag-seed, hence!

Fetch us in fuel, and be quick, thou’rt best,

To answer other business. Shrug’st thou, malice?

If thou neglect’st or dost unwillingly

What I command, I’ll rack thee with old cramps,

 Fill all thy bones with aches, make thee roar

That beasts shall tremble at thy din.

CALIBAN. No, pray thee.

[Aside.] I must obey. His art is of such pow’r,

It would control my dam’s god, Setebos,

And make a vassal of him.

1.What was the outcome of teaching language to Caliban?


The result of instructing language to Caliban was that he began reviling Prospero and he additionally wishes a red plague to Prospero for showing him the language. 

2.What is meant by Hag-seed? What work does Prospero assign to Caliban? Do you approve of the way Prospero treats him? Give a reason for your answer.


Hag-seed implies disappear. Prospero relegated Caliban to convey wood, new saline solution pits if desolate and other fundamental things. Indeed, I endorse the way Caliban is treated by Prospero on the grounds that Caliban’s discourse mirrors his malevolent nature, and he won’t be moved by benevolence. 

3.What would be the punishment for Caliban, in case he disobeys Prospero?


The discipline for Caliban would be that Prospero would torture him with seven spasms and fill his bones with torment and make if thunder so noisily that it will even surprise the wild brute. 

4.Who is Setebos? What does Caliban say about the power of Prospero at the end of the extract?


Setebos is a wicked god that was adored by Sycorax and Caliban. Caliban says that he should obey Prospero and his mystical forces since his forces are solid to the point that he could likewise torture his mom’s God Setebos and make a captive of him. 

5.Compare the character of Caliban with that of Ariel.


Though Caliban and Ariel are the two inverse substances from multiple points of view. However, they have one significant similitude, the two of them speak to common powers which help Prospero. Both are miserable about it in light of the fact that Ariel needs opportunity from Prospero and Caliban needs to be the leader of the island.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) rack
(b) vassal


(a) rack: torment
(b) vassal: slave

Extract 14

FERDINAND. The ditty does remember my drown’d


This is no mortal business, nor no sound

That the earth owes. I hear it now above me.

PROSPERO. The fringed curtains of thine eye advance,

 And say what thou seest yond.

MIRANDA. What, is’t a spirit?

Lord, how it looks about! Believe me, sir,

It carries a brave form. But ’tis a spirit.

PROSPERO. No, wench, it eats and sleeps, and hath

such senses

As we have—such. This gallant which thou seest

 Was in the wrack; and, but he’s something stain’d

With grief (that’s beauty’s canker), thou mightst call


A goodly person. He hath lost his fellows,

And strays about to find ’em.

1.What is a ditty? Who actually produces the ditty? What does it state?


‘Ditty’ means a song, it was produced by Ariel. It states that it reminds Ferdinand of his dead father

2.What does Ferdinand say about the source of the ditty?


Ferdinand says that the sound of ditty reminds him of his father because he thinks that his father is dead.

3.What does Miranda see? What does she think of what she sees?


Miranda saw Ferdinand. When Miranda saw Ferdinand just because she imagined that Ferdinand was a soul, as she has never observed a man on this island aside from her dad and the terrible beast.

4.What does Prospero say to correct what Miranda says?


Prospero says to Miranda that “No young lady, It eats and dozes and has such human sense as we do”, and he is one of them who was there in the wreck. 

5.In what way is Ferdinand introduced romantically to Miranda?


When Ferdinand and Miranda saw each other they felled in affection, and Ferdinand says that he needs Miranda to be the sovereign of Naples.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) ditty
(b) gallant


(a) ditty: song
(b) gallant: fine gentleman

Extract 15

MIRANDA. I might call him

A thing divine, for nothing natural

 I ever saw so noble. 

PROSPERO. [Aside.] It goes on, I see,

As my soul prompts it. Spirit, fine spirit, I’ll free thee

Within two days for this.

FERDINAND. Most sure, the goddess

On whom these airs attend! Vouchsafe my pray’r

May know if you remain upon this island,

 And that you will some good instruction give

How I may bear me here. My prime request,

Which I do last pronounce, is (O you wonder!)

If you be maid, or no?

1.Where are Miranda and Prospero? Whom does Miranda wish to call “a thing divine”? What does she want to call him so?


Miranda and Prospero were on a similar island. Miranda calls Ferdinand ‘a thing divine’ since she had not seen a man in life aside from his dad, and Caliban so she fells in affection with Ferdinand. 

2. To whom is Prospero speaking in the extract? What is “it” that goes on as Prospero’s soul prompts it?


Prospero is addressing himself in this concentrate. Here “it” is alluded to Ariel that goes on as Prospero’s spirit prompts it.

3.Who is the goddess referred to by Ferdinand? Why does he call her a goddess?


Miranda is alluded to Goddess by Ferdinand, as Miranda’s excellence has caught Ferdinand’s brain, eyes, and soul. Actually, Ferdinand has begun to look all starry eyed at Miranda.

4.What does Ferdinand request the goddess to do for him?


Ferdinand demands the goddess to disclose to him, how he ought to carry on this island? He additionally asks Miranda whether she is a young lady or something different.

5. The phenomenon known as dramatic irony happens when the audience knows the reality but the character on the stage does not know it. Hence, there is humour in such situations. Explain the dramatic irony found in the extract.


In this concentrate, the entire crowd knows about the way that Alonso and others are alive however Ferdinand didn’t know about this.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) airs
(b) prime


(a) airs: melody
(b) prime: principal

Extract 16

FERDINAND. O, if a virgin,

And your affection not gone forth, I’ll make you

 The Queen of Naples. 

PROSPERO. Soft, sir, one word more.

[Aside.] They are both in either’s pow’rs; but this swift


I must uneasy make, lest too light winning

Make the prize light.—One word more: I charge thee

That thou attend me. Thou dost here usurp

 The name thou own’st not, and hast put thyself

Upon this island as a spy, to win it

From me, the lord on’t.

FERDINAND. No, as I am a man.

1. Where are Ferdinand and Miranda? Who else is with them.


Ferdinand and Miranda are on the same island. Prospero is also along with them.

2. Under what conditions would Ferdinand make Miranda the queen of Naples? Is he at present the King of Naples? Why?


Ferdinand would make Miranda, sovereign of Naples just on the off chance that she is a virgin and on the off chance that she has not given his heart to some other man. Truly, he is the King of Naples as he had expected that his dad Antonio is dead.

3. Who are they(line 5) and how are they in either’s powers?


They are alluded here for Miranda and Ferdinand. They are in either’s capacity, as the two of them have experienced passionate feelings for one another.

4. What is “swift business”? What does Prospero want to do with the swift business? Why?


Swift business is here alluded to as the adoration among Ferdinand and Miranda. Prospero needed to raise a little ruckus between them with the goal that they welcome the estimation of their adoration.

5. What does Prospero accuse Ferdinand of? What reply does Ferdinand give to his accusation? State how you can conclude from Prospero’s speech that he is a good father.


Prospero denounced Ferdinand since he was considering himself with such a name, that doesn’t have a place with him. He says that to Ferdinand that you are spies, who had come here to grab this island from him. Prospero is a decent dad since he needs her girl to get a genuine sweetheart, who cherishes her little girl a great deal.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) affection
(b) usurp


(a) affection: love, devotion
(b) usurp: take something wrongfully

Extract 17

PROSPERO. Follow me.

Speak not you for him; he’s a traitor.—Come,

I’ll manacle thy neck and feet together.

Sea-water shalt thou drink; thy food shall be

The fresh-brook mussels, wither’d roots, and husks

 Wherein the acorn cradled. Follow.


I will resist such entertainment till

Mine enemy has more pow’r.

He draws, and is charmed from moving.

MIRANDA. O dear father,

Make not too rash a trial of him, for

He’s gentle, and not fearful.

1. To whom does Prospero forbid to speak in the second line of the extract? Why?


Prospero restricts to speak Ferdinand in the second line of the concentrate on the grounds that Prospero is viewed as a deceiver.

2. What punishment is Prospero giving to Ferdinand?


Prospero said that on the off chance that he will talk he will chain his neck and feet together and he will just give him seawater to drink and he will just get him shell-fish as food to eat and dried roots and husk which once contained the acron.

3. How does Ferdinand challenge Prospero? How does Prospero subdue Ferdinand?


Ferdinand challenges Prospero by saying that he won’t submit to the treatment until his adversary ends up being more remarkable than him. Prospero stifled Ferdinand by saying that he will just put a demonstration of grit.

4. How does Miranda react to the treatment given to Ferdinand? What does it show about her character?


Miranda says to her dad, kindly don’t let him experience such extreme test, for he is delicate and innocuous. This shows Miranda had an incredible dedication to her dad.

5. Is Prospero really harsh to Ferdinand? Why?


Yes, Prospero is extremely unforgiving to Ferdinand on the grounds that Prospero doesn’t need somebody to prevail upon her little girl’s heart so without any problem.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) withered
(b) rash


(a) withered: dry
(b) rash: hasty

Extract 18

FERDINAND. So they are.

My spirits, as in a dream, are all bound up.

My father’s loss, the weakness which I feel,

The wrack of all my friends, nor this man’s threats,

 To whom I am subdu’d, are but light to me,

Might I but through my prison once a day

Behold this maid. All corners else o’ th’ earth

Let liberty make use of; space enough

Have I in such a prison.

1.Where is Ferdinand? To whom is he speaking? What is he busy doing?


Ferdinand is on a similar island where Prospero and Miranda are living. He was addressing Prospero, and he is occupied in grieving for his dad’s demise.

2. What inconveniences and sufferings is Ferdinand prepared to undergo in order to have a glimpse of Miranda?


Ferdinand was prepared to confront his physical shortcoming, loss of every one of his companions if gets a brief look at Miranda. 

3.Why does Prospero treat Ferdinand harshly? By giving such treatment to him, what does Prospero intend to show?


Prospero is baffled by the loss of his realm and he accuses Ferdinand mostly for it. He gives such treatment to him since he doesn’t need Ferdinand to prevail upon her little girl so without any problem. 

4. What is dramatic irony? State how is dramatic irony shown in the extract above?


Dramatic incongruity is that the fact of the matter is known by the crowd yet the character in the dramatization is ignorant of it.As, in show, we realize that Alonso and others are alive however Ferdinand didn’t have any acquaintance with it.

5. How is the romantic plot of Ferdinand and Miranda connected to the main plot in The Tempest?


The romantic tale of Ferdinand and Miranda is another subplot, which is interconnected with the fundamental plot. It aparts give a sentimental enthusiasm for the play.

6. Give the meaning of the following words as they are used in the context of the passage
(a) wreck
(b) subdued


(a) wreck: the destruction of a ship
(b) subdued: manner

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